2 [vawlt]
verb (used without object)
to leap or spring, as to or from a position or over something: He vaulted over the tennis net.
to leap with the hands supported by something, as by a horizontal pole.
Gymnastics. to leap over a vaulting horse or pommel horse, using the hands for pushing off.
to arrive at or achieve something as if by a spring or leap: to vault into prominence.
verb (used with object)
to leap over: to vault a fence.
to cause to leap over or surpass others: Advertising has vaulted the new perfume into first place.
the act of vaulting.
a leap of a horse; curvet.
Gymnastics. a running jump over a vaulting horse or pommel horse, usually finishing with an acrobatic dismount.

1530–40; < French volte a turn and volter to turn, respectively < Italian volta (noun) and voltare (v.); see volt2

vaulter, noun

1. See jump. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
vault1 (vɔːlt)
1.  an arched structure that forms a roof or ceiling
2.  a room, esp a cellar, having an arched roof down to floor level
3.  a burial chamber, esp when underground
4.  a strongroom for the safe-deposit and storage of valuables
5.  an underground room or part of such a room, used for the storage of wine, food, etc
6.  anatomy any arched or domed bodily cavity or space: the cranial vault
7.  something suggestive of an arched structure, as the sky
8.  (tr) to furnish with or as if with an arched roof
9.  (tr) to construct in the shape of a vault
10.  (intr) to curve, arch, or bend in the shape of a vault
[C14: vaute, from Old French, from Vulgar Latin volvita (unattested) a turn, probably from Latin volvere to roll]

vault2 (vɔːlt)
1.  to spring over (an object), esp with the aid of a long pole or with the hands resting on the object
2.  (intr) to do, achieve, or attain something as if by a leap: he vaulted to fame on the strength of his discovery
3.  dressage to perform or cause to perform a curvet
4.  the act of vaulting
5.  dressage a low leap; curvet
[C16: from Old French voulter to turn, from Italian voltare to turn, from Vulgar Latin volvitāre (unattested) to turn, leap; see vault1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"arched roof or ceiling," c.1300, vaute, from O.Fr. voute "arch, vaulted roof," from V.L. *volta, contraction of *volvita, noun use of fem. of *volvitus, alteration of L. volutus "bowed, arched," pp. of volvere "to turn, turn around, roll" (see vulva). The -l- appeared in Eng. c.1400.

"jump or leap over," 1531 (implied in vaulting), from M.Fr. volter "to gambol, leap," from It. voltare "to turn," from V.L. *volvitare "to turn, leap," frequentative of L. volvere "to turn, turn around, roll" (see vulva).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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