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vault2

[vawlt] /vɔlt/
verb (used without object)
1.
to leap or spring, as to or from a position or over something:
He vaulted over the tennis net.
2.
to leap with the hands supported by something, as by a horizontal pole.
3.
Gymnastics. to leap over a vaulting horse or pommel horse, using the hands for pushing off.
4.
to arrive at or achieve something as if by a spring or leap:
to vault into prominence.
verb (used with object)
5.
to leap over:
to vault a fence.
6.
to cause to leap over or surpass others:
Advertising has vaulted the new perfume into first place.
noun
7.
the act of vaulting.
8.
a leap of a horse; curvet.
9.
Gymnastics. a running jump over a vaulting horse or pommel horse, usually finishing with an acrobatic dismount.
Origin
1530-1540
1530-40; < French volte a turn and volter to turn, respectively < Italian volta (noun) and voltare (v.); see volt2
Related forms
vaulter, noun
Synonyms
1. See jump.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for vaulter

vault1

/vɔːlt/
noun
1.
an arched structure that forms a roof or ceiling
2.
a room, esp a cellar, having an arched roof down to floor level
3.
a burial chamber, esp when underground
4.
a strongroom for the safe-deposit and storage of valuables
5.
an underground room or part of such a room, used for the storage of wine, food, etc
6.
(anatomy) any arched or domed bodily cavity or space: the cranial vault
7.
something suggestive of an arched structure, as the sky
verb
8.
(transitive) to furnish with or as if with an arched roof
9.
(transitive) to construct in the shape of a vault
10.
(intransitive) to curve, arch, or bend in the shape of a vault
Derived Forms
vaultlike, adjective
Word Origin
C14: vaute, from Old French, from Vulgar Latin volvita (unattested) a turn, probably from Latin volvere to roll

vault2

/vɔːlt/
verb
1.
to spring over (an object), esp with the aid of a long pole or with the hands resting on the object
2.
(intransitive) to do, achieve, or attain something as if by a leap: he vaulted to fame on the strength of his discovery
3.
(dressage) to perform or cause to perform a curvet
noun
4.
the act of vaulting
5.
(dressage) a low leap; curvet
Derived Forms
vaulter, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Old French voulter to turn, from Italian voltare to turn, from Vulgar Latin volvitāre (unattested) to turn, leap; see vault1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for vaulter

vault

n.

"arched roof or ceiling," c.1300, vaute, from Old French voute "arch, vaulted roof," from Vulgar Latin *volta, contraction of *volvita, noun use of fem. of *volvitus, alteration of Latin volutus "bowed, arched," past participle of volvere "to turn, turn around, roll" (see volvox). The -l- appeared in English c.1400.

"a leap," 1763, from vault (v.).

v.

"jump or leap over," 1530s (implied in vaulting), from Middle French volter "to gambol, leap," from Italian voltare "to turn," from Vulgar Latin *volvitare "to turn, leap," frequentative of Latin volvere "to turn, turn around, roll" (see volvox). Related: Vaulted; vaulting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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