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city, seat (1873) of Ventura county, southern California, U.S. It lies on the Pacific coast overlooking the Santa Barbara Channel. It is the site of the San Buenaventura Mission, the ninth and last mission founded (1782) by Junipero Serra, which was restored as a historic site and remains an active parish. After the mission lands were secularized, a Mexican land grant of 1841 deeded to Raimundo Olivas the area that became Rancho San Miguel. The city of Ventura developed as an agricultural (primarily lemon-growing) centre and later turned to petroleum production, tourism, and diversified manufacturing. Ventura (junior) College was established in 1925. Located near the San Buenaventura Mission is the Albinger Archaeological Museum, which displays American Indian artifacts that were excavated nearby and date from 1600 BC. Olivas Adobe Historical Park preserves the Olivas hacienda. San Buenaventura State Beach lies within the city, and several other state beaches are nearby. Channel Islands National Park is located 14 miles (23 km) offshore in the Santa Barbara Channel. Inc. town, 1866; city, 1906. Pop. (1990) city, 92,575; Ventura PMSA, 669,016; (2000) city, 100,916; Ventura PMSA, 753,197.