town, Sakha (Yakutiya), far northeastern Russia, on the Yana River near its confluence with the Sartang. Founded as a fort in 1638 and today a minor centre of tin and gold mining, Verkhoyansk is noted chiefly for its exceptionally low winter temperatures, with a January average of 56 F (49 C). Its minimum, 89.7 F (67.6 C), is surpassed only by Oymyakon on the Indigirka as the lowest ever recorded outside Antarctica. Pop. (1991 est.) 1,900
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