noun, plural vertigoes, vertigines [ver-tij-uh-neez] . Pathology.
a dizzying sensation of tilting within stable surroundings or of being in tilting or spinning surroundings.

1520–30; < Latin vertīgō a turning or whirling round, equivalent to vert(ere) to turn (see verse) + -īgō noun suffix Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
vertigo (ˈvɜːtɪˌɡəʊ)
n , pl vertigoes, vertigines
pathol a sensation of dizziness or abnormal motion resulting from a disorder of the sense of balance
[C16: from Latin: a whirling round, from vertere to turn]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1528, from L. vertigo "dizziness," originally "a whirling or spinning movement," from vertere "to turn" (see versus).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

vertigo ver·ti·go (vûr'tĭ-gō')
n. pl. ver·ti·goes or ver·ti·gos
A sensation of irregular or whirling motion, either of oneself or of external objects.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
vertigo   (vûr'tĭ-gō')  Pronunciation Key 
Dizziness characterized by a sensation of whirling motion, either of oneself or of external objects. Vertigo is often caused by damage or disease in the inner ear.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Vertigo refers to the sensation of being in a spinning environment.
Still, this is plenty to create a familiar sensation of vertigo as an expansive
  new territory suddenly opens up.
As the globe spins and switches from one viewpoint to another, it can even
  induce vertigo.
For the doctor, it was a trick on the inner ear, an amusing exercise in vertigo.
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