vesper bell

vesper

[ves-per]
noun
1.
(initial capital letter) the evening star, especially Venus; Hesper.
2.
Also called vesper bell. a bell rung at evening.
3.
vespers, (sometimes initial capital letter) Ecclesiastical.
a.
a religious service in the late afternoon or the evening.
b.
the sixth of the seven canonical hours, or the service for it, occurring in the late afternoon or the evening.
c.
Roman Catholic Church. a part of the office to be said in the evening by those in major orders, frequently made a public ceremony in the afternoons or evenings of Sundays and holy days.
4.
Archaic. evening.
adjective
5.
of, pertaining to, appearing in, or proper to the evening.
6.
of or pertaining to vespers.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English, partly < Latin: evening, evening star; partly < Old French vespres evening service < Medieval Latin vesperās, accusative plural of Latin vespera, feminine variant of vesper; cognate with Greek hésperos; akin to west

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World English Dictionary
vesper (ˈvɛspə)
 
n
1.  an evening prayer, service, or hymn
2.  an archaic word for evening
3.  (modifier) of or relating to vespers
 
[C14: from Latin: evening, the evening star; compare Greek hesperos evening; see west]

Vesper (ˈvɛspə)
 
n
the planet Venus, when appearing as the evening star

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

vesper
late 14c., "the evening star," from O.Fr. vespre, from L. vesper (masc.), vespera (fem.) "evening star, evening, west," related to Gk. hesperos, and ultimately from PIE *wespero- (cf. O.C.S. večeru, Lith. vakaras, Welsh ucher, O.Ir. fescor "evening"), from base *we- "down" (cf. Skt. avah "down,
downward"). Meaning "evening" is attested from c.1600. Vespers "sixth canonical hour" is attested from 1610s, from pl. of L. vespera "evening;" the native name was evensong (O.E. æfen-sang). Hence also vespertine "of or pertaining to evening" (c.1500).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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