veto

[vee-toh]
noun, plural vetoes. Also called veto power (for defs 1, 4).
1.
the power or right vested in one branch of a government to cancel or postpone the decisions, enactments, etc., of another branch, especially the right of a president, governor, or other chief executive to reject bills passed by the legislature.
2.
the exercise of this right.
3.
Also called veto message. a document exercising such right and setting forth the reasons for such action.
4.
a nonconcurring vote by which one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council can overrule the actions or decisions of the meeting on matters other than procedural.
5.
an emphatic prohibition of any sort.
verb (used with object), vetoed, vetoing.
7.
to reject (a proposed bill or enactment) by exercising a veto.
8.
to prohibit emphatically.

Origin:
1620–30; < Latin vetō I forbid

vetoer, noun
preveto, noun, plural prevetoes, verb (used with object), prevetoed, prevetoing.
reveto, verb (used with object), revetoed, revetoing.
unvetoed, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
veto (ˈviːtəʊ)
 
n , pl -toes
1.  the power to prevent legislation or action proposed by others; prohibition: the presidential veto
2.  the exercise of this power
3.  (US) government Also called: veto message a document containing the reasons why a chief executive has vetoed a measure
 
vb , -toes, -toes, -toing, -toed
4.  to refuse consent to (a proposal, esp a government bill)
5.  to prohibit, ban, or forbid: her parents vetoed her trip
 
[C17: from Latin: I forbid, from vetāre to forbid]
 
'vetoer
 
n
 
'vetoless
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

veto
1629, from L. veto, lit. "I forbid," first person singular present indicative of vetare "forbid," of unknown origin. Used by Roman tribunes who opposed measures of the Senate or magistrates. The verb is recorded from 1706.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

veto definition


A vote that blocks a decision. In the United Nations, for example, each of the five permanent members of the Security Council has the power of veto.

veto definition


The power of a president or governor to reject a bill proposed by a legislature by refusing to sign it into law. The president or governor actually writes the word veto (Latin for “I forbid”) on the bill and sends it back to the legislature with a statement of his or her objections. The legislature may choose to comply by withdrawing or revising the bill, or it can override the veto and pass the law, by a two-thirds vote in each house.

Note: Originally intended to prevent Congress from passing unconstitutional laws, the veto is now used by the president as a powerful bargaining tool, especially when his objectives conflict with majority sentiment in Congress. (See also checks and balances.)
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
But the more serious threat comes from semiautonomous machines over which
  humans retain nothing more than last-ditch veto power.
Yes, and the president has this thing called a veto.
No one has yet figured out how to make it do that, but it is nevertheless
  important if only as a veto power.
So it is left to them to vet or veto candidates on whatever grounds they choose.
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