vicariism

vicarious

[vahy-kair-ee-uhs, vi-]
adjective
1.
performed, exercised, received, or suffered in place of another: vicarious punishment.
2.
taking the place of another person or thing; acting or serving as a substitute.
3.
felt or enjoyed through imagined participation in the experience of others: a vicarious thrill.
4.
Physiology. noting or pertaining to a situation in which one organ performs part of the functions normally performed by another.

Origin:
1630–40; < Latin vicārius substituting, equivalent to vic(is) (genitive) interchange, alternation (see vice3), + -ārius -ary; see -ous

vicariously, adverb
vicariousness, vicariism, noun
nonvicarious, adjective
nonvicariously, adverb
nonvicariousness, noun
unvicarious, adjective
unvicariously, adverb
unvicariousness, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
vicarious (vɪˈkɛərɪəs, vaɪ-)
 
adj
1.  obtained or undergone at second hand through sympathetic participation in another's experiences
2.  suffered, undergone, or done as the substitute for another: vicarious punishment
3.  delegated: vicarious authority
4.  taking the place of another
5.  pathol See endometriosis (of menstrual bleeding) occurring at an abnormal site
 
[C17: from Latin vicārius substituted, from vicis interchange; see vice³, vicissitude]
 
vi'cariously
 
adv
 
vi'cariousness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

vicarious
1630s, from L. vicarius "substitute, deputy" (adj. and n.), from vicis "turn, change, exchange, substitution," from PIE base *weik-, *weig- "to bend, wind" (cf. Skt. visti "changing, changeable;" O.E. wician "to give way, yield," wice "wych elm;" O.N. vikja "to bend, turn;" Swed. viker "willow twig,
wand;" Ger. wechsel "change"). Related: Vicariously.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

vicarious vi·car·i·ous (vī-kâr'ē-əs, -kār'-, vĭ-)
adj.

  1. Felt or undergone as if one were taking part in the experience or feelings of another.

  2. Occurring in or performed by a part of the body not normally associated with a certain function.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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