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vice1

[vahys] /vaɪs/
noun
1.
an immoral or evil habit or practice.
Antonyms: virtue.
2.
immoral conduct; depraved or degrading behavior:
a life of vice.
Antonyms: virtue, morality.
3.
sexual immorality, especially prostitution.
4.
a particular form of depravity.
5.
a fault, defect, or shortcoming:
a minor vice in his literary style.
6.
a bad habit, as in a horse.
7.
(initial capital letter) a character in the English morality plays, a personification of general vice or of a particular vice, serving as the buffoon.
8.
Archaic. a physical defect, flaw, or infirmity:
In most cases, attempts to relieve the symptoms will be of little avail without at the same time relieving or removing the constitutional vice which has induced this condition.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English < Anglo-French, Old French < Latin vitium a fault, defect, vice
Synonym Study
1. Fault, failing, foible, weakness, vice imply shortcomings or imperfections in a person. Fault is the common word used to refer to any of the average shortcomings of a person; when it is used, condemnation is not necessarily implied: Of his many faults the greatest is vanity. Foible, failing, weakness all tend to excuse the person referred to. Of these foible is the mildest, suggesting a weak point that is slight and often amusing, manifesting itself in eccentricity rather than in wrongdoing: the foibles of artists. Weakness suggests that the person in question is unable to control a particular impulse, and gives way to self-indulgence: a weakness for pretty women. Failing is closely akin to fault, except that it is particularly applied to humanity at large, suggesting common, often venial, shortcomings: Procrastination and making excuses are common failings. Vice (which may also apply to a sin in itself, apart from a person: the vice of gambling ) is the strongest term, and designates a habit that is truly detrimental or evil.

vice2

[vahys] /vaɪs/
noun, verb (used with object), viced, vicing.
1.
vise.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for vices
  • If only there were a magic pill that offset the ravages of smoking, drinking and overeating and let vices be really enjoyed.
  • Topics include natural virtues and vices as treated by the apostle and in contemporary theology.
  • But addicts derive little pleasure from their vices.
  • As a result, he accepts drugs in the collection baskets if followers care to give up their vices on the spot.
  • Sometimes the people are more than personified virtues and vices.
  • Share your thoughts on the relationship between vices and economic anxiety below.
  • And then you could start on fantasies of other vices you wanted to eliminate.
  • Most poker players loose money in the long run because they play badly or have other vices.
  • But the book also shows that a more primitive system, with vices as well as virtues, lives behind this façade.
  • As a former smoker and a continuous drinker, my vices filled and continue to fill the state coffers.
British Dictionary definitions for vices

vice1

/vaɪs/
noun
1.
an immoral, wicked, or evil habit, action, or trait
2.
habitual or frequent indulgence in pernicious, immoral, or degrading practices
3.
a specific form of pernicious conduct, esp prostitution or sexual perversion
4.
a failing or imperfection in character, conduct, etc: smoking is his only vice
5.
(pathol, obsolete) any physical defect or imperfection
6.
a bad trick or disposition, as of horses, dogs, etc
Derived Forms
viceless, adjective
Word Origin
C13: via Old French from Latin vitium a defect

vice2

/vaɪs/
noun
1.
an appliance for holding an object while work is done upon it, usually having a pair of jaws
verb
2.
(transitive) to grip (something) with or as if with a vice
Derived Forms
vicelike, (US) viselike, adjective
Word Origin
C15: from Old French vis a screw, from Latin vītis vine, plant with spiralling tendrils (hence the later meaning)

vice3

/vaɪs/
adjective
1.
  1. (prenominal) serving in the place of or as a deputy for
  2. (in combination): viceroy
noun
2.
(informal) a person who serves as a deputy to another
Word Origin
C18: from Latin vice, from vicis interchange

vice4

/ˈvaɪsɪ/
preposition
1.
instead of; as a substitute for
Word Origin
C16: from Latin, ablative of vicis change

Vice

/vaɪs/
noun
1.
(in English morality plays) a character personifying a particular vice or vice in general
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for vices

vice

n.

"moral fault, wickedness," c.1300, from Old French vice, from Latin vitium "defect, offense, blemish, imperfection," in both physical and moral senses (cf. Italian vezzo "usage, entertainment").

Horace and Aristotle have already spoken to us about the virtues of their forefathers and the vices of their own times, and through the centuries, authors have talked the same way. If all this were true, we would be bears today. [Montesquieu]
Vice squad is attested from 1905. Vice anglais "corporal punishment," literally "the English vice," is attested from 1942, from French.

"tool for holding," see vise.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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10
12
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