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vicious

[vish-uh s] /ˈvɪʃ əs/
adjective
1.
addicted to or characterized by vice; grossly immoral; depraved; profligate:
a vicious life.
2.
given or readily disposed to evil:
a vicious criminal.
3.
reprehensible; blameworthy; wrong:
a vicious deception.
4.
spiteful; malicious:
vicious gossip; a vicious attack.
5.
unpleasantly severe:
a vicious headache.
6.
characterized or marred by faults or defects; faulty; unsound:
vicious reasoning.
7.
savage; ferocious:
They all feared his vicious temper.
8.
(of an animal) having bad habits or a cruel or fierce disposition:
a vicious bull.
9.
Archaic. morbid, foul, or noxious.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English (< Anglo-French) < Latin vitiōsus, equivalent to viti(um) fault, vice1 + -ōsus -ous
Related forms
viciously, adverb
viciousness, noun
unvicious, adjective
unviciously, adverb
unviciousness, noun
Can be confused
vicious, viscose, viscous.
Synonyms
1. abandoned, corrupt, iniquitous, sinful. 4. malevolent.
Antonyms
1. moral.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for viciousness

vicious

/ˈvɪʃəs/
adjective
1.
wicked or cruel; villainous a vicious thug
2.
characterized by violence or ferocity a vicious blow
3.
(informal) unpleasantly severe; harsh a vicious wind
4.
characterized by malice vicious lies
5.
(esp of dogs, horses, etc) ferocious or hostile; dangerous
6.
characterized by or leading to vice
7.
invalidated by defects; unsound a vicious inference
8.
(obsolete) noxious or morbid a vicious exhalation
Derived Forms
viciously, adverb
viciousness, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French vicieus, from Latin vitiōsus full of faults, from vitium a defect
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for viciousness
vicious
early 14c. (implied in viciously), "of the nature of vice, wicked," from Anglo-Fr. vicious, O.Fr. vicieus, from L. vitiosus "faulty, defective, corrupt," from vitium "fault" (see vice (1)). Meaning "inclined to be savage or dangerous" is first recorded 1711 (originally of animals, especially horses); that of "full of spite, bitter, severe" is from 1825. In law, "marred by some inherent fault" (late 14c.), hence also this sense in logic (c.1600); cf. vicious circle in reasoning (c.1792), which was given a general sense of "a situation in which action and reaction intensify one another" by 1839.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for viciousness

vicious

adjective

Excellent; superb; wonderfully attractive (1970s+ Teenagers)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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16
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