|1.||Dame Myra. 1890--1965, English pianist|
|2.||(Walther Richard) Rudolf (ˈruːdɔlf). 1894--1987, German Nazi leader. He made a secret flight to Scotland (1941) to negotiate peace with Britain but was held as a prisoner of war; later sentenced to life imprisonment at the Nuremberg trials (1946); committed suicide|
|3.||Victor Francis. 1883--1964, US physicist, born in Austria: pioneered the investigation of cosmic rays: shared the Nobel prize for physics (1936)|
Hess (hěs), Walter Rudolf. 1881-1973.
Swiss physiologist. He shared a 1949 Nobel Prize for his research on the brain's control of the body.
|Hess (hěs) Pronunciation Key
American geologist who studied the sea floor and developed the theory of sea-floor spreading in 1960. Hess theorized that sea floors were constantly renewed by the flow of magma from the Earth's mantle through the oceanic rifts. This hypothesis became an important component of the theory of plate tectonics.