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viola1

[vee-oh-luh] /viˈoʊ lə/
noun
1.
a four-stringed musical instrument of the violin family, slightly larger than the violin; a tenor or alto violin.
2.
a labial organ stop of eight-foot or four-foot pitch, giving tones of a penetrating stringlike quality.
Origin
1715-1725
1715-25; < Italian viola < Old Provençal viola; see viol

viola2

[vahy-uh-luh, vahy-oh-, vee-] /ˈvaɪ ə lə, vaɪˈoʊ-, vi-/
noun
1.
any plant of the genus Viola, especially a cultivated variety.
Compare pansy (def 1), violet (defs 1, 2).
2.
a pansy, V. cornuta, cultivated as a garden plant.
Origin
1400-50; late Middle English: violet < Latin: violet

Viola

[vahy-uh-luh, vee-; vahy-oh-luh, vee-] /ˈvaɪ ə lə, ˈvi-; vaɪˈoʊ lə, vi-/
noun
1.
a female given name.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for violas

viola1

/vɪˈəʊlə/
noun
1.
a bowed stringed instrument, the alto of the violin family; held beneath the chin when played. It is pitched and tuned an octave above the cello
2.
any of various instruments of the viol family, such as the viola da gamba
Word Origin
C18: from Italian viola, probably from Old Provençal viola, of uncertain origin; perhaps related to Latin vītulārī to rejoice

viola2

/ˈvaɪələ; vaɪˈəʊ-/
noun
1.
any temperate perennial herbaceous plant of the violaceous genus Viola, the flowers of which have showy irregular petals, white, yellow, blue, or mauve in colour See also violet (sense 1), pansy (sense 1)
Word Origin
C15: from Latin: violet
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for violas

viola

n.

tenor violin, 1797, from Italian viola, from Old Provençal viola, from Medieval Latin vitula "stringed instrument," perhaps from Vitula, Roman goddess of joy (see fiddle), or from related Latin verb vitulari "to exult, be joyful." Viola da gamba "bass viol" (1724) is from Italian, literally "a viola for the leg" (i.e. to hold between the legs).

Viola

fem. proper name, from Latin viola "the violet" (see violet).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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violas in Culture
viola [(vee-oh-luh)]

A musical instrument shaped like a violin but somewhat larger, lower pitched, and “darker” in tone. A viola player holds a viola like a violin, under the chin.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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9
11
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