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viral

[vahy-ruh l] /ˈvaɪ rəl/
adjective
1.
of, pertaining to, or caused by a virus.
2.
pertaining to or involving the spreading of information and opinions about a product or service from person to person, especially on the Internet or in e-mails:
a clever viral ad.
3.
becoming very popular by circulating quickly from person to person, especially through the Internet: the most memorable viral videos;
This book is already viral two weeks before its official publication date.
4.
pertaining to a computer virus.
Idioms
5.
go viral, to spread rapidly via the Internet, e-mail, or other media:
Footage of the candidate's off-color remarks went viral within minutes.
Origin
1935-1940
1935-40; vir(us) + -al1
Related forms
antiviral, adjective
Can be confused
viral, virile.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for viral
  • Meningitis is usually caused by a bacterial or viral infection.
  • With no funding this is going to be a purely viral marketing affair.
  • Not enough cells were transplanted in the trial to cure the patients or even reduce their viral load.
  • Subject to aster yellows, a viral disease carried by leafhoppers.
  • viral gastroenteritis is inflammation of the stomach and intestines caused by a virus.
  • Wal-Mart's viral capacities negatively impact communities' businesses and wages.
  • Having eliminated one viral disease, the authorities decided they ought to be able to get rid of another: polio.
  • They suffer from malnutrition and various viral and bacterial diseases.
  • Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection.
  • And while we're on the topic of uncomfortable travel moments caught on camera, here's another one that's gone viral.
British Dictionary definitions for viral

viral

/ˈvaɪrəl/
adjective
1.
of, relating to, or caused by a virus
2.
(of a video, image, story, etc) spread quickly and widely among internet users via social networking sites, e-mail, etc
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for viral
adj.

"of the nature of, or caused by, a virus," 1948, see virus.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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viral in Medicine

viral vi·ral (vī'rəl)
adj.
Of, relating to, or caused by a virus.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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viral in Science
virus
  (vī'rəs)   
Plural viruses
  1. Any of various extremely small, often disease-causing agents consisting of a particle (the virion), containing a segment of RNA or DNA within a protein coat known as a capsid. Viruses are not technically considered living organisms because they are devoid of biological processes (such as metabolism and respiration) and cannot reproduce on their own but require a living cell (of a plant, animal, or bacterium) to make more viruses. Viruses reproduce first either by injecting their genetic material into the host cell or by fully entering the cell and shedding their protein coat. The genetic material may then be incorporated into the cell's own genome or remain in the cytoplasm. Eventually the viral genes instruct the cell to produce new viruses, which often cause the cell to die upon their exit. Rather than being primordial forms of life, viruses probably evolved from rogue pieces of cellular nucleic acids. The common cold, influenza, chickenpox, smallpox, measles, mumps, yellow fever, hemorrhagic fevers, and some cancers are among the diseases caused by viruses.

  2. Computer Science A computer program that duplicates itself in a manner that is harmful to normal computer use. Most viruses work by attaching themselves to another program. The amount of damage varies; viruses may erase all data or do nothing but reproduce themselves.


viral adjective
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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