vis-à-vis

[vee-zuh-vee; French vee-za-vee]
adverb
1.
face to face: They sat vis-à-vis at the table.
adjective
2.
face-to-face: a vis-à-vis encounter.
3.
Numismatics. (of a coin) having two portraits facing each other.
preposition
4.
in relation to; compared with: income vis-à-vis expenditures.
5.
facing; opposite: They were now vis-à-vis the most famous painting in the Louvre.
noun, plural vis-à-vis [vee-zuh-veez; French vee-za-vee] .
6.
a person face to face with or situated opposite to another: He offered a cigarette to his vis-à-vis.
7.
a date at a social affair: She introduced her vis-à-vis to the hostess.
8.
a person of equal authority, rank, or the like: my vis-à-vis in the Louisville office.
9.
a carriage in which the occupants sit face to face.
10.
Furniture. tête-à-tête ( def 2 ).

Origin:
1745–55; < French: face to face; see visage

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
vis-à-vis (ˌviːzɑːˈviː)
 
prep
1.  in relation to; regarding
2.  face to face with; opposite
 
adv, —adj
3.  face to face; opposite
 
n , vis-à-vis
4.  a person or thing that is situated opposite to another
5.  a person who corresponds to another in office, capacity, etc; counterpart
6.  an upholstered sofa; tête-à-tête
7.  a type of horse-drawn carriage in which the passengers sit opposite one another
8.  a coin having an obverse upon which two portraits appear facing each other
 
[C18: French, from vis face]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

vis-à-vis
1753, from Fr. prepositional use of the adj. vis-à-vis "face to face," from O.Fr. vis "face" (see visage).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
vis-à-vis [(vee-zuh-vee)]

Relative to; compared with: “She performed well vis-à-vis the rest of the competitors.”

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
It is intrinsic to the human condition to question our existence vis a vis the concept of divinity.
We have seen decades during which capital has been systematically favored by the tax system vis a vis labor.
There's definitely a bit of the old chicken-and-egg routine vis a vis polls and debates.
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