voir dire

[vwahr deer; French vwar deer]
noun Law.
an oath administered to a proposed witness or juror by which he or she is sworn to speak the truth in an examination to ascertain his or her competence.
the examination itself.

1670–80; < Anglo-French, equivalent to Old French voir true, truly + dire to say

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World English Dictionary
voir dire (vwɑː ˈdɪə)
1.  the preliminary examination on oath of a proposed witness by the judge
2.  the oath administered to such a witness
[C17: from Old French: to speak the truth]

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