1 [vohl]
any of several small mouselike or ratlike rodents of the genus Microtus and related genera, having short limbs and a short tail.

1795–1805; short for volemouse field mouse, perhaps < Norwegian *vollmus, equivalent to voll field (cf. wold1) + mus mouse

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2 [vohl]
Cards. the winning by one player of all the tricks of a deal.
go the vole,
to venture everything on the chance of great rewards.
to try one after another, as a variety of occupations: He went the vole and finally settled on watchmaking.

1670–80; < French, derivative of voler to fly < Latin volāre

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World English Dictionary
vole1 (vəʊl)
See also water vole any of numerous small rodents of the genus Microtus and related genera, mostly of Eurasia and North America and having a stocky body, short tail, and inconspicuous ears: family Cricetidae
[C19: short for volemouse, from Old Norse vollr field + musmouse; related to Icelandic vollarmus]

vole2 (vəʊl)
(in some card games, such as écarté) the taking of all the tricks in a deal, thus scoring extra points
[C17: from French, from voler to fly, from Latin volāre]

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Word Origin & History

1805, volemouse, lit. "field-mouse," with first element probably from O.N. völlr "field," from P.Gmc. *walthuz (cf. Icelandic völlr, Swed. vall "field," O.E. weald; see wold).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The manipulation of a single gene is enough to cure the wandering eye of a
  meadow vole.
Their study was conducted in the prairie vole, a small rodent that mates for
Well, in a type of rodent called a vole, one thing that controls mate bonding
  is a brain chemical called vasopressin.
Repeat the procedure each time a new mound or vole hole appears on the property.
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