Computing Dictionary
voltage definition
electronics (Or "potential difference", "electro-motive force" (EMF)) A quantity measured as a signed difference between two points in an electrical circuit which, when divided by the
resistance in
Ohms between those points, gives the current flowing between those points in
Amperes, according to
Ohm's Law. Voltage is expressed as a signed number of Volts (V). The voltage gradient in Volts per metre is proportional to the force on a charge.
Voltages are often given relative to "earth" or "ground" which is taken to be at zero Volts. A circuit's earth may or may not be electrically connected to the actual earth.
The voltage between two points is also given by the charge present between those points in
Coulombs divided by the
capacitance in
Farads. The capacitance in turn depends on the
dielectric constant of the insulators present.
Yet another law gives the voltage across a piece of circuit as its
inductance in
Henries multiplied by the rate of change of current flow through it in Amperes per second.
A simple analogy likens voltage to the pressure of water in a pipe. Current is likened to the amount of water (charge) flowing per unit time.
(1995-12-04)