Philosophy. any theory that regards will as the fundamental agency or principle, in metaphysics, epistemology, or psychology.
the principle or practice of supporting churches, schools, hospitals, etc., by voluntary contributions or aid instead of relying on government assistance.
any policy or practice based on voluntary action.

1830–40; voluntar(y) + -ism

voluntarist, noun, adjective
voluntaristic, adjective
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World English Dictionary
voluntarism (ˈvɒləntəˌrɪzəm)
1.  philosophy the theory that the will rather than the intellect is the ultimate principle of reality
2.  a doctrine or system based on voluntary participation in a course of action
3.  the belief that the state, government, and the law should not interfere with the procedures of collective bargaining and of trade union organization
4.  another name for voluntaryism
n, —adj

voluntaryism or voluntarism (ˈvɒləntərɪˌɪzəm, -trɪ-)
1.  the principle of supporting churches, schools, and various other institutions by voluntary contributions rather than with state funds
2.  any system based on this principle
voluntarism or voluntarism
'voluntaryist or voluntarism
'voluntarist or voluntarism

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Example sentences
It brings together three things: pluralism, localism and voluntarism.
Given that his goal was to ensure access to land, he was probably right to
  conclude that voluntarism would not work.
Faith used to drive a lot of voluntarism, civic engagement and self-reliance.
The timetable of voluntarism is perfect: it provides ample time, but not a day
  too much of it.
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