vowel-fracture

vowel fracture

noun Phonology.
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breaking

1 [brey-king]
noun
Phonology. the change of a pure vowel to a diphthong, especially in certain environments, as, in Old English, the change of a vowel to a diphthong under the influence of a following consonant or combination of consonants, as the change of -a- to -ea- and of -e- to -eo- before preconsonantal r or l and before h, as in earm “arm” developed from arm, and eorthe “earth” from erthe.
Also called vowel fracture.


Origin:
1870–75; translation of German Brechung; see break, -ing1

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World English Dictionary
breaking (ˈbreɪkɪŋ)
 
n
linguistics (in Old English, Old Norse, etc) the change of a vowel into a diphthong
 
[C19: translation of German Brechung]

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