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wage

[weyj] /weɪdʒ/
noun
1.
Often, wages. money that is paid or received for work or services, as by the hour, day, or week.
2.
Usually, wages. Economics. the share of the products of industry received by labor for its work (as distinct from the share going to capital).
3.
Usually, wages. (used with a singular or plural verb) recompense or return:
The wages of sin is death.
4.
Obsolete. a pledge or security.
verb (used with object), waged, waging.
5.
to carry on (a battle, war, conflict, argument, etc.):
to wage war against a nation.
6.
Chiefly British Dialect. to hire.
7.
Obsolete.
  1. to stake or wager.
  2. to pledge.
verb (used without object), waged, waging.
8.
Obsolete. to contend; struggle.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; (noun) Middle English: pledge, security < Anglo-French; Old French guage gage1 < Vulgar Latin *wadium < Germanic (see wed); (v.) Middle English wagen to pledge < Anglo-French wagier; Old French guagier < Vulgar Latin *wadiāre, derivative of *wadium
Related forms
wageless, adjective
wagelessness, noun
underwage, noun
Can be confused
salary, wages.
Synonyms
1. earnings, emolument, compensation, remuneration. See pay1 . 5. undertake, prosecute.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for wageless

wage

/weɪdʒ/
noun
1.
  1. (often pl) payment in return for work or services, esp that made to workmen on a daily, hourly, weekly, or piece-work basis Compare salary
  2. (as modifier): wage freeze
2.
(pl) (economics) the portion of the national income accruing to labour as earned income, as contrasted with the unearned income accruing to capital in the form of rent, interest, and dividends
3.
(often pl) recompense, return, or yield
4.
an obsolete word for pledge
verb (transitive)
5.
to engage in
6.
(obsolete) to pledge or wager
7.
(archaic) another word for hire (sense 1), hire (sense 2)
Derived Forms
wageless, adjective
wagelessness, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old Northern French wagier to pledge, from wage, of Germanic origin; compare Old English weddian to pledge, wed
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for wageless

wage

n.

c.1300, "a payment for services rendered," also in Middle English "a pledge of security" (mid-14c.), from Old North French wage (Old French guage) "pledge," from Frankish *wadja- (cf. Old English wedd, Gothic wadi "pledge"); see wed. Modern French cognate gages (plural) means "wages of a domestic," one of a plethora of French words for different classes, e.g. traitement (university professor), paye, salaire (workman), solde (soldier), récompense, prix. The Old English word was lean, related to loan and representing the usual Germanic form (cf. Gothic laun, Dutch loon, German lohn).

v.

early 14c., "to pledge, deposit as a pledge," from Old North French wagier (Old French gagier), from wage (see wage (n.)). Meaning "to carry on" (of war, etc.) is attested from mid-15c., probably from earlier sense of "to offer as a gage of battle" (early 15c.). Related: Waged; waging.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for wageless

wage

income derived from human labour. Technically, wages and salaries cover all compensation made to employees for either physical or mental work, but they do not represent the income of the self-employed. Labour costs are not identical to wage and salary costs, because total labour costs may include such items as cafeterias or meeting rooms maintained for the convenience of employees. Wages and salaries usually include remuneration such as paid vacations, holidays, and sick leave, as well as fringe benefits and supplements in the form of pensions or health insurance sponsored by the employer. Additional compensation can be paid in the form of bonuses or stock options, many of which are linked to individual or group performance

Learn more about wage with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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