noun, plural Wampanoags (especially collectively) Wampanoag.
a member of a once-powerful North American Indian people who inhabited the area east of Narragansett Bay from Rhode Island to Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket at the time of the Pilgrim settlement.
the Eastern Algonquian speech of the Wampanoag people, a dialect of Massachusett.

1670–80, Americanism; < Narragansett, equivalent to Proto-Algonquian *wa·pan(w)- dawn + -o·w- person of + *-aki plural suffix, i.e., easterners

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Encyclopedia Britannica


Algonquian-speaking North American Indians who formerly occupied parts of what are now the states of Rhode Island and Massachusetts, including Martha's Vineyard and adjacent islands. They were traditionally semisedentary, moving seasonally between fixed sites. Corn (maize) was the staple of their diet, supplemented by fish and game. The tribe comprised several villages, each with its own local chief, or sachem.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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