|Polish name: Warszawa the capital of Poland, in the E central part on the River Vistula: became capital at the end of the 16th century; almost completely destroyed in World War II as the main centre of the Polish resistance movement; rebuilt within about six years; university (1818); situated at the junction of important trans-European routes. Pop: 2 204 000 (2005 est)|
Capital of Poland and largest city in the country, located in central Poland; the political, cultural, industrial, and transportation center of Poland.
Note: Warsaw has been the capital of Poland since 1596, though it was occupied by the Russians (1813–1815) and the Germans (1915–1918 and 1939–1945).
Note: During World War II, half a million Jews living in the Warsaw Jewish ghetto were exterminated by the Germans.