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weaken

[wee-kuh n] /ˈwi kən/
verb (used with object)
1.
to make weak or weaker.
2.
Phonetics. to change (a speech sound) to an articulation requiring less effort, as from geminate to nongeminate or from stop to fricative.
verb (used without object)
3.
to become weak or weaker.
Origin of weaken
1520-1530
1520-30; weak + -en1
Related forms
weakener, noun
reweaken, verb
unweakened, adjective
unweakening, adjective
Synonyms
1, 3. enfeeble, debilitate, enervate, undermine, sap, exhaust, deplete, lessen, diminish, lower, reduce, impair, minimize, invalidate.
Antonyms
1, 3. strengthen.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for weakened
  • Simply put, many small towns are mere years away from extinction, while others limp along in a weakened and disabled state.
  • Perhaps the emotional component of the memory was weakened, but the memory still existed.
  • They were weakened by hunger, crippled by festering sores, incapacitated by malaria and dysentery.
  • He was apparently claimed by dilated cardiomyopathy, a weakened, enlarged heart.
  • On one occasion, however, her defense of that integrity weakened.
  • The oldest brick buildings-the campus's core, its signature architecture-had cracked and weakened.
  • Their stamina and senses may have weakened, but experience hasn't smoothed the edges off their characters.
  • Her heart had been weakened by an undiagnosed inflammation.
  • But he would be greatly weakened, with dire consequences for his ability to meet many other urgent challenges.
  • The credibility of any list is naturally weakened by the presence of an alternative list right next to it.
British Dictionary definitions for weakened

weaken

/ˈwiːkən/
verb
1.
to become or cause to become weak or weaker
Derived Forms
weakener, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for weakened

weaken

v.

1520s, from weak + -en (1). The earlier verb was simply weak (late 14c.). Related: Weakened; weakening.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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16
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