weather through

weather

[weth-er]
noun
1.
the state of the atmosphere with respect to wind, temperature, cloudiness, moisture, pressure, etc.
2.
a strong wind or storm or strong winds and storms collectively: We've had some real weather this spring.
3.
a weathercast: The radio announcer will read the weather right after the commercial.
4.
Usually, weathers. changes or vicissitudes in one's lot or fortunes: She remained a good friend in all weathers.
verb (used with object)
5.
to expose to the weather; dry, season, or otherwise affect by exposure to the air or atmosphere: to weather lumber before marketing it.
6.
to discolor, disintegrate, or affect injuriously, as by the effects of weather: These crumbling stones have been weathered by the centuries.
7.
to bear up against and come safely through (a storm, danger, trouble, etc.): to weather a severe illness.
8.
Nautical. (of a ship, mariner, etc.) to pass or sail to the windward of: to weather a cape.
9.
Architecture. to cause to slope, so as to shed water.
verb (used without object)
10.
to undergo change, especially discoloration or disintegration, as the result of exposure to atmospheric conditions.
11.
to endure or resist exposure to the weather: a coat that weathers well.
12.
to go or come safely through a storm, danger, trouble, etc. (usually followed by through ): It was a difficult time for her, but she weathered through beautifully.
Idioms
13.
under the weather, Informal.
a.
somewhat indisposed; ailing; ill.
b.
suffering from a hangover.
c.
more or less drunk: Many fatal accidents are caused by drivers who are under the weather.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English (noun), Old English weder; cognate with Dutch weder, German Wetter, Old Norse vethr

weatherer, noun

weather, whether, whither, wither (see synonym study at wither).
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
weather (ˈwɛðə)
 
n
1.  a.  Compare climate the day-to-day meteorological conditions, esp temperature, cloudiness, and rainfall, affecting a specific place
 b.  (modifier) relating to the forecasting of weather: a weather ship
2.  a prevailing state or condition
3.  make heavy weather
 a.  (of a vessel) to roll and pitch in heavy seas
 b.  (foll by of) to carry out with great difficulty or unnecessarily great effort
4.  informal under the weather
 a.  not in good health
 b.  intoxicated
 
adj
5.  (prenominal) Compare lee on or at the side or part towards the wind; windward: the weather anchor
 
vb (when intr, foll by through)
6.  to expose or be exposed to the action of the weather
7.  to undergo or cause to undergo changes, such as discoloration, due to the action of the weather
8.  (intr) to withstand the action of the weather
9.  to endure (a crisis, danger, etc)
10.  (tr) to slope (a surface, such as a roof, sill, etc) so as to throw rainwater clear
11.  (tr) to sail to the windward of: to weather a point
 
[Old English weder; related to Old Saxon wedar, Old High German wetar, Old Norse vethr]
 
weathera'bility
 
n
 
'weatherer
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

weather
O.E. weder, from P.Gmc. *wedran (cf. O.S. wedar, O.N. veðr, O.Fris., M.Du., Du. weder, O.H.G. wetar, Ger. Wetter "storm, wind, weather"), from PIE *we-dhro-, "weather," from base *we- "to blow" (see wind (n.)). Spelling with -th- first appeared 15c., though pronunciation
may be much older. Verb sense of "come through safely" is from 1655; that of "wear away by exposure" is from 1757. Weather-beaten is from 1530. Under the weather "indisposed" is from 1827. Weatherman "one who observes the weather" is attested from 1901. Gk. had words for "good weather" (aithria, eudia) and words for "storm" and "winter," but no generic word for "weather" until kairos (lit. "time") began to be used as such in Byzantine times. L. tempestas "weather" (see tempest) also originally meant "time;" and words for "time" also came to mean weather in Ir. (aimsir), Serbo-Cr. (vrijeme), Pol. (czas), etc.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
weather   (wě'ər)  Pronunciation Key 
The state of the atmosphere at a particular time and place. Weather is described in terms of variable conditions such as temperature, humidity, wind velocity, precipitation, and barometric pressure. Weather on Earth occurs primarily in the troposphere, or lower atmosphere, and is driven by energy from the Sun and the rotation of the Earth. The average weather conditions of a region over time are used to define a region's climate.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

weather definition


The daily conditions of the atmosphere in terms of temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind, and moisture.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Matching Quote
"On the thirty-first day of March, one hundred and forty-two years before this, probably about this time in the afternoon, there were hurriedly paddling down this part of the river, between the pine woods which then fringed these banks, two white women and a boy, who had left an island at the mouth of the Contoocook before daybreak. They were lightly clad for the season, in the English fashion, and handled their paddles unskillfully, but with nervous energy and determination, and at the bottom of their canoe lay the still bleeding scalps of ten of the aborigines. They were Hannah Dustan, and her nurse, Mary Neff,... and an English boy, named Samuel Lennardson, escaping from captivity among the Indians. On the 15th of March previous, Hannah Dustan had been compelled to rise from childbed, and half dressed, with one foot bare, accompanied by her nurse, commence an uncertain march, in still inclement weather, through the snow and the wilderness. She had seen her seven elder children flee with their father, but knew not of their fate. She had seen her infant's brains dashed out against an apple tree, and had left her own and her neighbors' dwellings in ashes. When she reached the wigwam of her captor, situated on an island in the Merrimack, more than twenty miles above where we now are, she had been told that she and her nurse were soon to be taken to a distant Indian settlement, and there made to run the gauntlet naked.... Having determined to attempt her escape, she instructed the boy to inquire of one of the men, how he should dispatch an enemy in the quickest manner, and take his scalp. "Strike 'em there," said he, placing his finger on his temple, and he also showed him how to take off the scalp. On the morning of the 31st she arose before daybreak, and awoke her nurse and the boy, and taking the Indians' tomahawks, they killed them all in their sleep, excepting one favorite boy, and one squaw who fled wounded with him to the woods. The English boy struck the Indian who had given him the information, on the temple, as he had been directed. They then collected all the provision they could find, and took their master's tomahawk and gun, and scuttling all the canoes but one, commenced their flight to Haverhill, distant about sixty miles by the river. But after having proceeded a short distance, fearing that her story would not be believed if she should escape to tell it, they returned to the silent wigwam, and taking off the scalps of the dead, put them into a bag as proofs of what they had done, and then, retracing their steps to the shore in the twilight, recommenced their voyage."
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