weft

[weft]
noun
1.
Textiles. filling ( def 5 ).
2.
a woven fabric or garment.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English, Old English; akin to weave

underweft, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
weft (wɛft)
 
n
filling, Also called: woof the yarn woven across the width of the fabric through the lengthwise warp yarn
 
[Old English, related to Old Norse veptr; see weave]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

weft
O.E. weft, wefta, from wefan "to weave" (see weave).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

weft

in woven fabrics, the widthwise, or horizontal, yarns carried over and under the warp, or lengthwise, yarns and running from selvage to selvage. Filling yarns are generally made with less twist than are warp yarns because they are subjected to less strain in the weaving process and therefore require less strength

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Ikat is a type of weaving where the pattern emerges according to how the warp and weft threads are dyed.
Denim is customarily woven with fine white warp threads and somewhat heavier blue weft threads.
Not a straight forward reversing of satin weave because the weft yarns are more numerous and more closely set than the warp yarns.
The sleeve section was woven with a gauze technique that used additional weft threads to create a complex netlike structure.
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