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weigh1

[wey] /weɪ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to determine or ascertain the force that gravitation exerts upon (a person or thing) by use of a balance, scale, or other mechanical device:
to weigh oneself; to weigh potatoes; to weigh gases.
2.
to hold up or balance, as in the hand, in order to estimate the weight.
3.
to measure, separate, or apportion (a certain quantity of something) according to weight (usually followed by out):
to weigh out five pounds of sugar.
4.
to make heavy; increase the weight or bulk of; weight:
We weighed the drapes to make them hang properly.
5.
to evaluate in the mind; consider carefully in order to reach an opinion, decision, or choice:
to weigh the facts; to weigh a proposal.
6.
Archaic. to raise, lift, or hoist (something).
7.
Obsolete. to think important; esteem.
verb (used without object)
8.
to have weight or a specified amount of weight:
to weigh less; to weigh a ton.
9.
to have importance, moment, or consequence:
Your recommendation weighs heavily in his favor.
10.
to bear down as a weight or burden (usually followed by on or upon):
Responsibility weighed upon her.
11.
to consider carefully or judicially:
to weigh well before deciding.
12.
(of a ship) to raise the anchor and get under way:
The ship weighed early and escaped in the fog.
Verb phrases
13.
weigh down,
  1. to cause to become bowed under a weight:
    snow and ice weighing down the trees.
  2. to lower the spirits of; burden; depress:
    This predicament weighs me down.
14.
weigh in,
  1. (of a boxer or wrestler) to be weighed by a medical examiner on the day of a bout.
  2. to be of the weight determined by such a weighing:
    He weighed in at 170 pounds.
  3. (of a jockey) to be weighed with the saddle and weights after a race.
  4. Informal. to offer an opinion, advice, support, etc., especially in a forceful or authoritative way:
    The chairman weighed in with an idea for the fundraiser.
15.
weigh out, Horse Racing.
  1. to be weighed with the saddle and weights before a race.
  2. to be of the weight determined by such a weighing.
Idioms
16.
weigh anchor, Nautical. to heave up a ship's anchor in preparation for getting under way.
17.
weigh one's words. word (def 29).
Origin of weigh1
900
before 900; Middle English weghen, Old English wegan to carry, weigh; cognate with Dutch wegen, German wägen, Old Norse vega; akin to Latin vehere
Related forms
weighable, adjective
weigher, noun
unweighable, adjective
unweighing, adjective
well-weighed, adjective
Can be confused
way, weigh, weight.
Synonyms
5. ponder, contemplate. See study1 .
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for weigh down
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • As such fires are found in the center of the grate, they weigh down the bars and burn them out in the middle in short order.

    How to Become an Engineer Frank W. Doughty
  • There is always something to weigh down the spiritual side in all of us.

    Under Western Eyes Joseph Conrad
  • During the last day of his stay on shore, however, a degree of melancholy seemed to weigh down his captain at times.

    The Heir of Kilfinnan W.H.G. Kingston
  • But even so general a catastrophe could not weigh down the singer's spirits.

    The Escape of Mr. Trimm Irvin S. Cobb
  • All that she would gain did not seem to weigh down with sufficient preponderance all that she would lose.

    The Eustace Diamonds Anthony Trollope
  • Her anxiety seemed to weigh down her cheeks and add ten years to her age.

    Basil Everman Elsie Singmaster
  • His broad, high curved forehead, seemed to weigh down upon his body like an ivory chest laden full of unseen jewels.

    The Torrent Vicente Blasco Ibaez
  • I am poor and lowly and all unworthy of you; but if great love may weigh down such defects, then mine may do it.

    The White Company Arthur Conan Doyle
  • It would be an anodyne like poison that could weigh down my eyelids.

    A Struggle For Life Thomas Bailey Aldrich
British Dictionary definitions for weigh down

weigh down

verb
1.
(adverb) to press (a person) down by or as if by weight: his troubles weighed him down

weigh1

/weɪ/
verb
1.
(transitive) to measure the weight of
2.
(intransitive) to have weight or be heavy: she weighs more than her sister
3.
(transitive) often foll by out. to apportion according to weight
4.
(transitive) to consider carefully: to weigh the facts of a case
5.
(intransitive) to be influential: his words weighed little with the jury
6.
(intransitive) often foll by on. to be oppressive or burdensome (to)
7.
(obsolete) to regard or esteem
8.
weigh anchor, to raise a vessel's anchor or (of a vessel) to have its anchor raised preparatory to departure
Derived Forms
weighable, adjective
weigher, noun
Word Origin
Old English wegan; related to Old Frisian wega, Old Norse vega, Gothic gawigan, German wiegen

weigh2

/weɪ/
noun
1.
under weigh, a variant spelling of under way
Word Origin
C18: variation due to the influence of phrases such as to weigh anchor
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for weigh down

weigh

v.

Old English wegan "find the weight of, have weight, lift, carry," from Proto-Germanic *weganan (cf. Old Saxon wegan, Old Frisian wega, Dutch wegen "to weigh," Old Norse vega, Old High German wegan "to move, carry, weigh," German wiegen "to weigh"), from PIE *wegh- "to move" (cf. Sanskrit vahati "carries, conveys," vahitram "vessel, ship;" Avestan vazaiti "he leads, draws;" Greek okhos "carriage;" Latin vehere "to carry, convey;" Old Church Slavonic vesti "to carry, convey;" Lithuanian vezu "to carry, convey;" Old Irish fecht "campaign, journey").

The original sense was of motion, which led to that of lifting, then to that of "measure the weight of." The older sense of "lift, carry" survives in the nautical phrase weigh anchor. Figurative sense of "to consider, ponder" (in reference to words, etc.) is recorded from mid-14c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with weigh down

weigh down

Burden, oppress, as in Their problems have weighed them down. This expression transfers bowing under a physical weight to emotional burdens. [ c. 1600 ]
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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