early 14c., "to establish in office, appoint," from L. institutus
, pp. of instituere
"to set up," from in-
"in" + statuere
"establish, to cause to stand" (see statute
). General sense of "set up, found, introduce" first attested late 15c. The noun sense of "organization, society" is from 1828, borrowed from French Institut national des Sciences et des Arts
, established 1795 to replace the royal academies.