1300–50; Middle English punischen
< Middle French puniss-,
long stem of punir
< Latin pūnīre;
akin to poena penalty
punisher, nounoverpunish, verbprepunish, verb (used with object)quasi-punished, adjectiverepunish, verbself-punished, adjectiveself-punisher, noununpunished, adjectivewell-punished, adjective
chastise, castigate. Punish, correct, discipline
refer to making evident public or private disapproval of violations of law, wrongdoing, or refusal to obey rules or regulations by imposing penalties. To punish
is chiefly to inflict penalty or pain as a retribution for misdeeds, with little or no expectation of correction or improvement: to punish a thief.
is to reprove or inflict punishment for faults, specifically with the idea of bringing about improvement: to correct a rebellious child. To discipline
is to give a kind of punishment that will educate or will establish useful habits: to discipline a careless driver. 1, 2.