Word Origin & History
O.E. cros, from O.Ir. cros, probably via Scandinavian, from L. crux (gen. crucis) "stake, cross," originally a tall, round pole; possibly of Phoenician origin. Replaced O.E. rood.
"ill-tempered," 1630s, probably from 16c. sense of "contrary, athwart," especially with reference to winds and sailing ships, from cross