whip lash injury

whiplash

[hwip-lash, wip-]
noun
1.
the lash of a whip.
2.
an abrupt snapping motion or change of direction resembling the lash of a whip.
3.
Also, whiplash injury. a neck injury caused by a sudden jerking backward, forward, or both, of the head: Whiplash resulted when their car was struck from behind.
4.
Also called whiplash curve. a connected series of reverse curves of more or less elliptical form, used as a major design motif in the art Nouveau style.
verb (used with object)
5.
to beat, hit, throw, etc., with or as if with a whiplash.
6.
to affect adversely, as by a sudden change: new taxes whiplashing corporate earnings.

Origin:
1565–75; 1950–55 for def 6; whip + lash1

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
whiplash (ˈwɪpˌlæʃ)
 
n
1.  a quick lash or stroke of a whip or like that of a whip
2.  med See whiplash injury

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

whiplash
1573, "the lash of a whip," from whip + lash. The injury caused by sudden head motion so called by 1955, in ref. to the notion of moving to and fro like a cracking whip. The verb in this sense is recorded by 1971.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

whiplash whip·lash (wĭp'lāsh')
n.
Whiplash injury.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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