whirling dervish

noun Islam.
a member of a Turkish order of dervishes, or Sufis, whose ritual consists in part of a highly stylized whirling dance.
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Encyclopedia Britannica

whirling dervish

fraternity of Sufis (Muslim mystics) founded in Konya (Qonya), Anatolia, by the Persian Sufi poet Rumi (d. 1273), whose popular title mawlana (Arabic: "our master") gave the order its name. The order, propagated throughout Anatolia, controlled Konya and environs by the 15th century and in the 17th century appeared in Constantinople (Istanbul). European travelers identified the Mawlawiyah as dancing (or whirling) dervishes, based on their observations of the order's ritual prayer (dhikr), performed spinning on the right foot to the accompaniment of musical instruments.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Some shows give a demonstration of an old-fashioned marriage ceremony, and many put on a short whirling dervish performance.
Despite this decapitation, its treasures are so excessive they could stop a whirling dervish in his tracks.
The whirling dervish wears n green jacket and a red skirt.
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