white ash

See under ash2 ( def 1 ).

1675–85, Americanism

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2 [ash]
any of various trees of the genus Fraxinus, of the olive family, especially F. excelsior, of Europe and Asia, or F. americana (white ash) of North America, having opposite, pinnate leaves and purplish flowers in small clusters.
the tough, straight-grained wood of any of these trees, valued as timber.
Also, æsc. the symbol “æ.”

before 900; Middle English asshe, Old English æsc; cognate with Frisian esk, Middle Low German, Middle Dutch asch, Old Saxon, Old High German asc (German Esche, with altered vowel from the adj. derivative eschen, Middle High German eschîn), Old Norse askr; akin to Latin ornus, Welsh onnen, Russian yásenʾ, Czech jasan, Lithuanian úosis, Armenian hatsʰi; Albanian ah beech; < Indo-European *Hoes-

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
ash1 (æʃ)
1.  the nonvolatile products and residue formed when matter is burnt
2.  See soda ash any of certain compounds formed by burning
3.  fine particles of lava thrown out by an erupting volcano
4.  a light silvery grey colour, often with a brownish tinge
Related: cinereous
[Old English æsce; related to Old Norse, Old High German aska, Gothic azgō, Latin aridus dry]

ash2 (æʃ)
1.  any oleaceous tree of the genus Fraxinus, esp F. excelsior of Europe and Asia, having compound leaves, clusters of small greenish flowers, and winged seeds
2.  the close-grained durable wood of any of these trees, used for tool handles, etc
3.  any of several trees resembling the ash, such as the mountain ash
4.  (Austral) any of several Australian trees resembling the ash, esp of the eucalyptus genus
[Old English æsc; related to Old Norse askr, Old Saxon, Old High German ask, Lithuanian uosis]

ash3 (æʃ)
the digraph æ, as in Old English, representing a front vowel approximately like that of the a in Modern English hat. The character is also used to represent this sound in the International Phonetic Alphabet

ASH (æʃ)
n acronym for
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

"powdery remains of fire," O.E. æsce "ash," from P.Gmc. *askon (cf. O.N. aska, O.H.G. asca, Ger. asche, Goth. azgo "ashes"), from PIE base *as- "to burn" (cf. Skt. asah "ashes, dust," Arm. azazem "I dry up," Gk. azein "to dry up, parch"). Symbol of grief or repentance; hence Ash Wednesday (c.1300),
from custom introduced by Pope Gregory the Great of sprinkling ashes on the heads of penitents on the first day of Lent. Meaning "mortal remains of a person" is late 13c., in reference to the ancient custom of cremation.

"tree," O.E. æsc "ash tree," also "spear made of ash wood," from P.Gmc. *askaz, askiz (cf. O.N. askr, O.S. ask, M.Du. esce, Ger. Esche), from PIE base *os- "ash tree" (cf. Arm. haci "ash tree," Alb. ah "beech," Gk. oxya "beech," L. ornus "wild mountain ash," Rus. jasen, Lith. uosis "ash"). Ash
the preferred wood for spear-shafs, so O.E. æsc sometimes meant "spear" (cf. æsc-here "company armed with spears").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
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The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Bible Dictionary

Ash definition

(Heb. o'ren, "tremulous"), mentioned only Isa. 44:14 (R.V., "fir tree"). It is rendered "pine tree" both in the LXX. and Vulgate versions. There is a tree called by the Arabs _aran_, found still in the valleys of Arabia Petraea, whose leaf resembles that of the mountain ash. This may be the tree meant. Our ash tree is not known in Syria.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
The fire has again buried itself in white ash and ceased to glow.
When flames have all died down and coals are covered in white ash, place pork
  on side of grill away from coals.
White ash is moderately susceptible to decay and insect damage induced through
  fire damage.
The wood is softer, lighter weight, and easier to work than white ash.
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