a woman who has lost her husband by death and has not remarried.
Cards. an additional hand or part of a hand, as one dealt to the table.
a short last line of a paragraph, especially one less than half of the full measure or one consisting of only a single word.
the last line of a paragraph when it is carried over to the top of the following page away from the rest of the paragraph. Compare orphan ( def 4 ).
a woman often left alone because her husband devotes his free time to a hobby or sport (used in combination). Compare golf widow.
verb (used with object)
to make (someone) a widow: She was widowed by the war.
to deprive of anything cherished or needed: A surprise attack widowed the army of its supplies.
to endow with a widow's right.
to survive as the widow of.

before 900; (noun) Middle English wid(e)we, Old English widuwe, wydewe; cognate with German Witwe, Gothic widuwo, Latin vidua (feminine of viduus bereaved), Sanskrit vidhavā widow; (v.) Middle English, derivative of the noun

widowly, adjective
unwidowed, adjective

widow, widower.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
widow (ˈwɪdəʊ)
1.  a woman who has survived her husband, esp one who has not remarried
2.  informal (usually with a modifier) a woman whose husband frequently leaves her alone while he indulges in a sport, etc: a golf widow
3.  printing Compare orphan a short line at the end of a paragraph, esp one that occurs as the top line of a page or column
4.  (in some card games) an additional hand or set of cards exposed on the table
5.  to cause to become a widow
6.  to deprive of something valued or desirable
[Old English widuwe; related to German Witwe, Latin vidua (feminine of viduus deprived), Sanskrit vidhavā]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

O.E. widewe, widuwe, from P.Gmc. *widewo (cf. O.S. widowa, O.Fris. widwe, M.Du., Du. weduwe, Du. weeuw, O.H.G. wituwa, Ger. Witwe, Goth. widuwo), from PIE adj. *widhewo (cf. Skt. vidhuh "lonely, solitary," vidhava "widow;" Avestan vithava, L. vidua, O.C.S. vidova, Rus. vdova, O.Ir. fedb, Welsh guedeu
"widow;" Pers. beva, Gk. eitheos "unmarried man;" L. viduus "bereft, void"), from base *weidh- "to separate" (cf. second element in L. di-videre "to divide;" see with). As a prefix to a name, attested from 1570s. Meaning "short line of type" (especially at the top of a column) is 1904 print shop slang. The verb is attested from c.1300. Widower is first attested mid-14c. Widow's mite is from Mark xii.43. Widow's peak is from the belief that hair growing to a point on the forehead is an omen of early widowhood, suggestive of the "peak" of a widow's hood. Widow maker "anything lethally dangerous" first recorded 1945, originally among loggers, in reference to dead trees, etc. The widow bird (1747) so-called in ref. to the long black tail feathers of the males, suggestive of widows' veils.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Widows definition

to be treated with kindness (Ex. 22:22; Deut. 14:29; 16:11, 14; 24:17, 19-21; 26:12; 27:19, etc.). In the New Testament the same tender regard for them is inculcated (Acts 6:1-6; 1 Tim. 5:3-16) and exhibited.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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