wilt dis ease


1 [wilt]
verb (used without object)
to become limp and drooping, as a fading flower; wither.
to lose strength, vigor, assurance, etc.: to wilt after a day's hard work.
verb (used with object)
to cause to wilt.
noun Also, wilt disease (for defs 5b, 6).
the act of wilting, or the state of being wilted: a sudden wilt of interest in the discussion.
Plant Pathology.
the drying out, drooping, and withering of the leaves of a plant due to inadequate water supply, excessive transpiration, or vascular disease.
a disease so characterized, as fusarium wilt.
a virus disease of various caterpillars, characterized by the liquefaction of body tissues.

1685–95; dialectal variant of wilk to wither, itself variant of welk, Middle English welken, probably < Middle Dutch welken; compare German welk withered

2. wane, droop; ebb, weaken.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
wilt1 (wɪlt)
1.  to become or cause to become limp, flaccid, or drooping: insufficient water makes plants wilt
2.  to lose or cause to lose courage, strength, etc
3.  (tr) to cook (a leafy vegetable) very briefly until it begins to collapse
4.  the act of wilting or state of becoming wilted
5.  any of various plant diseases characterized by permanent wilting, usually caused by fungal parasites attacking the roots
[C17: perhaps variant of wilk to wither, from Middle Dutch welken]

wilt2 (wɪlt)
vb (used with the pronoun thou or its relative equivalent)
archaic, dialect or a singular form of the present tense (indicative mood) of will

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1691, probably an alteration of welk "to wilt," probably from M.Du. or M.L.G. welken "to wither," cognate with O.H.G. irwelhen "become soft."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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