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8 Wintry Words to Defrost Your Vocabulary

wilt1

[wilt] /wɪlt/
verb (used without object)
1.
to become limp and drooping, as a fading flower; wither.
2.
to lose strength, vigor, assurance, etc.:
to wilt after a day's hard work.
verb (used with object)
3.
to cause to wilt.
noun, Also, wilt disease (for defs 5b, 6).
4.
the act of wilting, or the state of being wilted:
a sudden wilt of interest in the discussion.
5.
Plant Pathology.
  1. the drying out, drooping, and withering of the leaves of a plant due to inadequate water supply, excessive transpiration, or vascular disease.
  2. a disease so characterized, as fusarium wilt.
6.
a virus disease of various caterpillars, characterized by the liquefaction of body tissues.
Origin
1685-1695
1685-95; dialectal variant of wilk to wither, itself variant of welk, Middle English welken, probably < Middle Dutch welken; compare German welk withered
Synonyms
2. wane, droop; ebb, weaken.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for wilt dis-ease

wilt1

/wɪlt/
verb
1.
to become or cause to become limp, flaccid, or drooping: insufficient water makes plants wilt
2.
to lose or cause to lose courage, strength, etc
3.
(transitive) to cook (a leafy vegetable) very briefly until it begins to collapse
noun
4.
the act of wilting or state of becoming wilted
5.
any of various plant diseases characterized by permanent wilting, usually caused by fungal parasites attacking the roots
Word Origin
C17: perhaps variant of wilk to wither, from Middle Dutch welken

wilt2

/wɪlt/
verb
1.
(archaic or dialect) used with the pronoun thou or its relative equivalent a singular form of the present tense (indicative mood) of will1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for wilt dis-ease

wilt

v.

1690s, probably an alteration of welk "to wilt," probably from Middle Dutch or Middle Low German welken "to wither," cognate with Old High German irwelhen "become soft." Related: Wilted; wilting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for wilt dis-ease

wilt

common symptom of plant disease resulting from a water loss in leaves and stems. Affected parts lose their turgidity and droop. Specific wilt diseases-caused by a variety of fungi, bacteria, and viruses-are easily confused with root and crown rots, stem cankers, insect injuries, drought or excess water, soil compaction, and other noninfectious problems.

Learn more about wilt with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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7
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