Winchester

Winchester

[win-ches-ter, -chuh-ster]
noun
1.
a city in Hampshire, in S England: cathedral; capital of the early Wessex kingdom and of medieval England.
2.
a town in E Massachusetts, near Boston.
3.
a city in N Virginia: Civil War battles 1862, 1864.
4.
a city in E central Kentucky.
5.
a town in NW Connecticut.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

Wessex

[wes-iks]
noun
1.
(in the Middle Ages) a kingdom, later an earldom, in S England. Capital: Winchester. See map under Mercia.
2.
the fictional setting of the novels of Thomas Hardy, principally identifiable with Dorsetshire.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Wessex1 (ˈwɛsɪks)
 
n
1.  an Anglo-Saxon kingdom in S and SW England that became the most powerful English kingdom by the 10th century a.d
2.  a.  (in Thomas Hardy's works) the southwestern counties of England, esp Dorset
 b.  (as modifier): Wessex Poems

Wessex2
 
n
Earl of Wessex See Edward

winchester (ˈwɪntʃɪstə)
 
n
(sometimes capital) a large cylindrical bottle with a narrow neck used for transporting chemicals. It contains about 2.5 litres
 
[after Winchester, Hampshire]

Winchester (ˈwɪntʃɪstə)
 
n
a city in S England, administrative centre of Hampshire: a Romano-British town; Saxon capital of Wessex; 11th-century cathedral; site of Winchester College (1382), English public school. Pop: 41 420 (2001)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Winchester
city in Hampshire, capital of Wessex and later of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom, O.E. Uintancæstir (c.730), from Ouenta (c.150), from Venta, a pre-Celtic name perhaps meaning "favored or chief place" + O.E. ceaster "Roman town." The meaning "kind of breech-loading repeating rifle" is from the name of
Oliver F. Winchester (1810-80), U.S. manufacturer.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang Dictionary

Winchester

n. Informal generic term for sealed-enclosure magnetic-disk drives in which the read-write head planes over the disk surface on an air cushion. There is a legend that the name arose because the original 1973 engineering prototype for what later became the IBM 3340 featured two 30-megabyte volumes; 30-30 became `Winchester' when somebody noticed the similarity to the common term for a famous Winchester rifle (in the latter, the first 30 referred to caliber and the second to the grain weight of the charge). (It is sometimes incorrectly claimed that Winchester was the laboratory in which the technology was developed.)
FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

winchester definition

hardware
An informal generic term for floating head magnetic disk drives in which the read-write head planes over the disk surface on an air cushion.
The name arose because the original 1973 engineering prototype for what later became the IBM 3340 featured two 30-megabyte volumes; 30--30 became "Winchester" when somebody noticed the similarity to the common term for a famous Winchester rifle (in the latter, the first 30 referred to caliber and the second to the grain weight of the charge).
[Jargon File]
(1994-12-06)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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