Word Origin & History
city in Hampshire, capital of Wessex and later of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom, O.E. Uintancæstir (c.730), from Ouenta (c.150), from Venta, a pre-Celtic name perhaps meaning "favored or chief place" + O.E. ceaster "Roman town." The meaning "kind of breech-loading repeating rifle" is from the name of
Oliver F. Winchester (1810-80), U.S. manufacturer.