winter cress

any cress belonging to the genus Barbarea, of the mustard family, having lyrate leaves and yellow flowers.

1540–50 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Britannica

winter cress

any of about 20 species of the genus Barbarea, weedy herbs of the mustard family (Brassicaceae), native to the north temperate region. Common winter cress, or rocket (B. vulgaris), in early summer bears branched flower stems 80 cm (32 inches) tall with unstalked, small, lobed leaves and small, bright-yellow flowers. The fruits are many-seeded, long, narrow capsules. Early winter cress, or scurvy grass (B. verna), has basal leaves with four to eight pairs of lobes-about twice as many as common winter cress. Both species have been cultivated as salad plants.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The tender leaf clusters of winter cress or yellow rocket make a salad that tastes the same as its near relative, the water cress.
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