with child

child

[chahyld]
noun, plural children.
1.
a person between birth and full growth; a boy or girl: books for children.
2.
a son or daughter: All my children are married.
3.
a baby or infant.
4.
a human fetus.
5.
a childish person: He's such a child about money.
6.
a descendant: a child of an ancient breed.
7.
any person or thing regarded as the product or result of particular agencies, influences, etc.: Abstract art is a child of the 20th century.
8.
a person regarded as conditioned or marked by a given circumstance, situation, etc.: a child of poverty; a child of famine.
9.
British Dialect Archaic. a female infant.
10.
Archaic. childe.
Idioms
11.
with child, pregnant: She's with child.

Origin:
before 950; Middle English; Old English cild; akin to Gothic kilthai womb

childless, adjective
childlessness, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged

with

[with, with]
preposition
1.
accompanied by; accompanying: I will go with you. He fought with his brother against the enemy.
2.
in some particular relation to (especially implying interaction, company, association, conjunction, or connection): I dealt with the problem. She agreed with me.
3.
characterized by or having: a person with initiative.
4.
(of means or instrument) by the use of; using: to line a coat with silk; to cut with a knife.
5.
(of manner) using or showing: to work with diligence.
6.
in correspondence, comparison, or proportion to: Their power increased with their number. How does their plan compare with ours?
7.
in regard to: to be pleased with a gift.
8.
(of cause) owing to: to die with pneumonia; to pale with fear.
9.
in the region, sphere, or view of: It is day with us while it is night with the Chinese.
10.
(of separation) from: to part with a thing.
11.
against, as in opposition or competition: He fought with his brother over the inheritance.
12.
in the keeping or service of: to leave something with a friend.
13.
in affecting the judgment, estimation, or consideration of: Her argument carried a lot of weight with the trustees.
14.
at the same time as or immediately after; upon: And with that last remark, she turned and left.
15.
of the same opinion or conviction as: Are you with me or against me?
16.
in proximity to or in the same household as: He lives with his parents.
17.
(used as a function word to specify an additional circumstance or condition): We climbed the hill, with Jeff following behind.
Idioms
18.
in with. in ( def 34 ).
19.
with child, pregnant.
20.
with it, Slang.
a.
knowledgeable about, sympathetic to, or partaking of the most up-to-date trends, fashions, art, etc.
b.
representing or characterized by the most up-to-date trends, fashions, art, etc.
21.
with that. that ( def 19 ).

Origin:
before 900; Middle English, Old English: opposite, against (cognate with Old Norse vith), apparently short variant of Old English wither against; cognate with Old Saxon withar, Old High German widar, Old Norse vithr, Gothic withra

width, with.


4. See by1.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
child (tʃaɪld)
 
n , pl children
1.  a.  a boy or girl between birth and puberty
 b.  (as modifier): child labour
2.  a baby or infant
3.  an unborn babyRelated: paedo-
4.  with child another term for pregnant
5.  a human offspring; a son or daughterRelated: filial
6.  a childish or immature person
7.  a member of a family or tribe; descendant: a child of Israel
8.  a person or thing regarded as the product of an influence or environment: a child of nature
9.  dialect (Midland English), (Western English) a female infant
 
Related: paedo-, filial
 
[Old English cild; related to Gothic kilthei womb, Sanskrit jathara belly, jartu womb]
 
'childless
 
adj
 
'childlessness
 
n
 
'childly
 
adj

with (wɪð, wɪθ)
 
prep
1.  using; by means of: he killed her with an axe
2.  accompanying; in the company of: the lady you were with
3.  possessing; having: a man with a red moustache
4.  concerning or regarding: be patient with her
5.  in spite of: with all his talents, he was still humble
6.  used to indicate a time or distance by which something is away from something else: with three miles to go, he collapsed
7.  in a manner characterized by: writing with abandon
8.  caused or prompted by: shaking with rage
9.  often used with a verb indicating a reciprocal action or relation between the subject and the preposition's object: agreeing with me; chatting with the troops
10.  informal not with you not able to grasp or follow what you are saying
11.  informal with it
 a.  fashionable; in style
 b.  comprehending what is happening or being said
12.  with that after that; having said or done that
 
[Old English; related to Old Norse vith, Gothic withra, Latin vitricus stepfather, Sanskrit vitarám wider]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

with
O.E. wið "against, opposite, toward," a shortened form related to wiðer, from P.Gmc. *withro- "against" (cf. O.S. withar "against," O.N. viðr "against, with, toward, at," M.Du., Du. weder, Du. weer "again," Goth. wiþra "against, opposite"), from PIE *wi-tero-, lit. "more apart," from
base *wi- "separation" (cf. Skt. vi, Avestan vi- "asunder," Skt. vitaram "further, farther," O.C.S. vutoru "other, second"). In M.E., sense shifted to denote association, combination, and union, partly by influence of O.N. vidh, and also perhaps by L. cum "with" (as in pugnare cum "fight with"). In this sense, it replaced O.E. mid "with," which survives only as a prefix (e.g. midwife). Original sense of "against, in opposition" is retained in compounds such as withhold, withdraw, withstand. Often treated as a conjunction by ungrammatical writers and used where and would be correct. First record of with child "pregnant" is recorded from c.1200. With it "cool" is black slang, recorded by 1931.

child
O.E. cild "child," from P.Gmc. *kiltham (source of Gothic kilþei "womb"), unrelated to other languages. Also in O.E. meaning "a youth of gentle birth" (archaic, usually written childe). In 16c., especially "girl child." The difficulty with the plural began in O.E., where the nom. pl. was at first
cild, identical with the sing., then c.975 pl. form cildru (gen. cildra) arose, only to be re-pluraled c.1175 as children, which is thus a double plural. M.E. plural cildre survives in Lancashire dialect childer and in Childermas (c.1000) "festival of the Holy Innocents" (Dec. 28).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

child (chīld)
n.

  1. A person between birth and puberty.

  2. An unborn infant; a fetus.

  3. An infant; a baby.

  4. One who is childish or immature.

  5. A son or daughter; an offspring.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
Easton
Bible Dictionary

Child definition


This word has considerable latitude of meaning in Scripture. Thus Joseph is called a child at the time when he was probably about sixteen years of age (Gen. 37:3); and Benjamin is so called when he was above thirty years (44:20). Solomon called himself a little child when he came to the kingdom (1 Kings 3:7). The descendants of a man, however remote, are called his children; as, "the children of Edom," "the children of Moab," "the children of Israel." In the earliest times mothers did not wean their children till they were from thirty months to three years old; and the day on which they were weaned was kept as a festival day (Gen. 21:8; Ex. 2:7, 9; 1 Sam. 1:22-24; Matt. 21:16). At the age of five, children began to learn the arts and duties of life under the care of their fathers (Deut. 6:20-25; 11:19). To have a numerous family was regarded as a mark of divine favour (Gen. 11:30; 30:1; 1 Sam. 2:5; 2 Sam. 6:23; Ps. 127:3; 128:3). Figuratively the name is used for those who are ignorant or narrow-minded (Matt. 11:16; Luke 7:32; 1 Cor. 13:11). "When I was a child, I spake as a child." "Brethren, be not children in understanding" (1 Cor. 14:20). "That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro" (Eph. 4:14). Children are also spoken of as representing simplicity and humility (Matt. 19:13-15; Mark 10:13-16; Luke 18:15-17). Believers are "children of light" (Luke 16:8; 1 Thess. 5:5) and "children of obedience" (1 Pet. 1:14).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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