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with

[with, with] /wɪθ, wɪð/
preposition
1.
accompanied by; accompanying:
I will go with you. He fought with his brother against the enemy.
2.
in some particular relation to (especially implying interaction, company, association, conjunction, or connection):
I dealt with the problem. She agreed with me.
3.
characterized by or having:
a person with initiative.
4.
(of means or instrument) by the use of; using:
to line a coat with silk; to cut with a knife.
5.
(of manner) using or showing:
to work with diligence.
6.
in correspondence, comparison, or proportion to:
Their power increased with their number. How does their plan compare with ours?
7.
in regard to:
to be pleased with a gift.
8.
(of cause) owing to:
to die with pneumonia; to pale with fear.
9.
in the region, sphere, or view of:
It is day with us while it is night with the Chinese.
10.
(of separation) from:
to part with a thing.
11.
against, as in opposition or competition:
He fought with his brother over the inheritance.
12.
in the keeping or service of:
to leave something with a friend.
13.
in affecting the judgment, estimation, or consideration of:
Her argument carried a lot of weight with the trustees.
14.
at the same time as or immediately after; upon:
And with that last remark, she turned and left.
15.
of the same opinion or conviction as:
Are you with me or against me?
16.
in proximity to or in the same household as:
He lives with his parents.
17.
(used as a function word to specify an additional circumstance or condition):
We climbed the hill, with Jeff following behind.
Idioms
18.
in with. in (def 34).
19.
with child, pregnant.
20.
with it, Slang.
  1. knowledgeable about, sympathetic to, or partaking of the most up-to-date trends, fashions, art, etc.
  2. representing or characterized by the most up-to-date trends, fashions, art, etc.
21.
with that. that (def 19).
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English, Old English: opposite, against (cognate with Old Norse vith), apparently short variant of Old English wither against; cognate with Old Saxon withar, Old High German widar, Old Norse vithr, Gothic withra
Can be confused
width, with.
Synonyms
4. See by1 .

child

[chahyld] /tʃaɪld/
noun, plural children.
1.
a person between birth and full growth; a boy or girl:
books for children.
2.
a son or daughter:
All my children are married.
3.
a baby or infant.
4.
a human fetus.
5.
a childish person:
He's such a child about money.
6.
a descendant:
a child of an ancient breed.
7.
any person or thing regarded as the product or result of particular agencies, influences, etc.:
Abstract art is a child of the 20th century.
8.
a person regarded as conditioned or marked by a given circumstance, situation, etc.:
a child of poverty; a child of famine.
9.
British Dialect Archaic. a female infant.
10.
Archaic. childe.
Idioms
11.
with child, pregnant:
She's with child.
Origin
before 950; Middle English; Old English cild; akin to Gothic kilthai womb
Related forms
childless, adjective
childlessness, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for with child

child

/tʃaɪld/
noun (pl) children
1.
  1. a boy or girl between birth and puberty
  2. (as modifier) child labour
2.
a baby or infant
3.
an unborn baby related prefix paedo-
4.
with child, another term for pregnant
5.
a human offspring; a son or daughter related adjective filial
6.
a childish or immature person
7.
a member of a family or tribe; descendant a child of Israel
8.
a person or thing regarded as the product of an influence or environment a child of nature
9.
(Midland English & Western English, dialect) a female infant
Derived Forms
childless, adjective
childlessness, noun
childly, adjective
Word Origin
Old English cild; related to Gothic kilthei womb, Sanskrit jathara belly, jartu womb

with

/wɪð; wɪθ/
preposition
1.
using; by means of he killed her with an axe
2.
accompanying; in the company of the lady you were with
3.
possessing; having a man with a red moustache
4.
concerning or regarding be patient with her
5.
in spite of with all his talents, he was still humble
6.
used to indicate a time or distance by which something is away from something else with three miles to go, he collapsed
7.
in a manner characterized by writing with abandon
8.
caused or prompted by shaking with rage
9.
often used with a verb indicating a reciprocal action or relation between the subject and the preposition's object agreeing with me, chatting with the troops
10.
(informal) not with you, not able to grasp or follow what you are saying
11.
(informal) with it
  1. fashionable; in style
  2. comprehending what is happening or being said
12.
with that, after that; having said or done that
Word Origin
Old English; related to Old Norse vith, Gothic withra, Latin vitricus stepfather, Sanskrit vitarám wider
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for with child

with

prep.

Old English wið "against, opposite, toward," a shortened form related to wiðer, from Proto-Germanic *withro- "against" (cf. Old Saxon withar "against," Old Norse viðr "against, with, toward, at," Middle Dutch, Dutch weder, Dutch weer "again," Gothic wiþra "against, opposite"), from PIE *wi-tero-, literally "more apart," from root *wi- "separation" (cf. Sanskrit vi, Avestan vi- "asunder," Sanskrit vitaram "further, farther," Old Church Slavonic vutoru "other, second").

Sense shifted in Middle English to denote association, combination, and union, partly by influence of Old Norse vidh, and also perhaps by Latin cum "with" (as in pugnare cum "fight with"). In this sense, it replaced Old English mid "with," which survives only as a prefix (e.g. midwife). Original sense of "against, in opposition" is retained in compounds such as withhold, withdraw, withstand. Often treated as a conjunction by ungrammatical writers and used where and would be correct. First record of with child "pregnant" is recorded from c.1200. With it "cool" is black slang, recorded by 1931. French avec "with" was originally avoc, from Vulgar Latin *abhoc, from apud hoc, literally "with this."

child

n.

Old English cild "fetus, infant, unborn or newly born person," from Proto-Germanic *kiltham (cf. Gothic kilþei "womb," inkilþo "pregnant;" Danish kuld "children of the same marriage;" Old Swedish kulder "litter;" Old English cildhama "womb," lit. "child-home"); no certain cognates outside Germanic. "App[arently] originally always used in relation to the mother as the 'fruit of the womb'" [Buck]. Also in late Old English, "a youth of gentle birth" (archaic, usually written childe). In 16c.-17c. especially "girl child."

The wider sense "young person before the onset of puberty" developed in late Old English. Phrase with child "pregnant" (late 12c.) retains the original sense. The sense extension from "infant" to "child" also is found in French enfant, Latin infans. Meaning "one's own child; offspring of parents" is from late 12c. (the Old English word was bearn; see bairn). Figurative use from late 14c. Most Indo-European languages use the same word for "a child" and "one's child," though there are exceptions (e.g. Latin liberi/pueri).

The difficulty with the plural began in Old English, where the nominative plural was at first cild, identical with the singular, then c.975 a plural form cildru (genitive cildra) arose, probably for clarity's sake, only to be re-pluraled late 12c. as children, which is thus a double plural. Middle English plural cildre survives in Lancashire dialect childer and in Childermas.

Child abuse is attested by 1963; child-molester from 1950. Child care is from 1915. Child's play, figurative of something easy, is in Chaucer (late 14c.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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with child in Medicine

child (chīld)
n.

  1. A person between birth and puberty.

  2. An unborn infant; a fetus.

  3. An infant; a baby.

  4. One who is childish or immature.

  5. A son or daughter; an offspring.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for with child

child

Related Terms

flower child


with

adjective phrase

Having the usual accompaniment, that is, onions with hamburger, cream with coffee, etc: We ordered two coffees with, to go (1930s+ Lunch counter)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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with child in the Bible

This word has considerable latitude of meaning in Scripture. Thus Joseph is called a child at the time when he was probably about sixteen years of age (Gen. 37:3); and Benjamin is so called when he was above thirty years (44:20). Solomon called himself a little child when he came to the kingdom (1 Kings 3:7). The descendants of a man, however remote, are called his children; as, "the children of Edom," "the children of Moab," "the children of Israel." In the earliest times mothers did not wean their children till they were from thirty months to three years old; and the day on which they were weaned was kept as a festival day (Gen. 21:8; Ex. 2:7, 9; 1 Sam. 1:22-24; Matt. 21:16). At the age of five, children began to learn the arts and duties of life under the care of their fathers (Deut. 6:20-25; 11:19). To have a numerous family was regarded as a mark of divine favour (Gen. 11:30; 30:1; 1 Sam. 2:5; 2 Sam. 6:23; Ps. 127:3; 128:3). Figuratively the name is used for those who are ignorant or narrow-minded (Matt. 11:16; Luke 7:32; 1 Cor. 13:11). "When I was a child, I spake as a child." "Brethren, be not children in understanding" (1 Cor. 14:20). "That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro" (Eph. 4:14). Children are also spoken of as representing simplicity and humility (Matt. 19:13-15; Mark 10:13-16; Luke 18:15-17). Believers are "children of light" (Luke 16:8; 1 Thess. 5:5) and "children of obedience" (1 Pet. 1:14).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with with child
In addition to the idiom beginning with child also see: second childhood
also see:
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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