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withdrawal

[with-draw-uh l, -drawl, with-] /wɪðˈdrɔ əl, -ˈdrɔl, wɪθ-/
noun
1.
Also, withdrawment. the act or condition of withdrawing.
2.
Pharmacology. the act or process of ceasing to use an addictive drug.
3.
coitus interruptus.
Origin
1740-1750
1740-50; withdraw + -al2
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for withdrawals
  • Groundwater withdrawals rose in tandem, resulting in a large-scale and ongoing depletion of this critical water reserve.
  • However, withdrawals have resulted in rising salinity, which threatens that agricultural productivity.
  • Psychological cravings and relapse triggers continue long after the physiological withdrawals cease.
  • Its common in almost all governmental or semi-governmental type positions to require retirement withdrawals.
  • Efficient irrigation, for instance, would reduce freshwater withdrawals almost by half.
  • The farmers taking part in the project measure and record rainfall, the water table, withdrawals and other data for their land.
  • Less than half the electric-power companies surveyed even provided data on total water withdrawals.
  • To prevent fire sales, perhaps a third of funds have restricted client withdrawals.
  • But many companies, including some that have given in to the boycotters, argue that such withdrawals do more harm than good.
  • Insurance cannot protect against one of a fund's gravest threats: withdrawals.
British Dictionary definitions for withdrawals

withdrawal

/wɪðˈdrɔːəl/
noun
1.
an act or process of withdrawing; retreat, removal, or detachment
2.
the period a drug addict goes through following abrupt termination in the use of narcotics, usually characterized by physical and mental symptoms (withdrawal symptoms)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for withdrawals

withdrawal

n.

1820s, "act of taking back," also "retraction of a statement," from withdraw + -al (2). Earlier words in the same sense were withdrawment (1640s); withdraught (mid-14c.). Meaning "removal of money from a bank, etc." is from 1861; psychological sense is from 1916; meaning "physical reaction to the cessation of an addictive substance" is from 1929 (with an isolated use from 1897; withdrawal symptoms is from 1924). As a synonym for coitus interruptus from 1889.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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withdrawals in Medicine

withdrawal with·draw·al (wĭð-drô'əl, wĭth-)
n.

  1. Detachment, as from social or emotional involvement.

  2. Discontinuation of the use of an addictive substance.

  3. The physiological and mental readjustment that accompanies such discontinuation.

  4. A pattern of behavior, observed in schizophrenia and depression, that is characterized by a pathological retreat from interpersonal contact and social involvement and that leads to self-preoccupation.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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withdrawals in Science
withdrawal
  (wĭ-drô'əl, wĭth-)   
Discontinuation of the use of an addictive substance. The symptoms of withdrawal include headache, diarrhea, and tremors and can range from mild to life threatening, depending on the extent of the body's reliance on the addictive substance.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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