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withhold

[with-hohld, with-] /wɪθˈhoʊld, wɪð-/
verb (used with object), withheld, withholding.
1.
to hold back; restrain or check.
2.
to refrain from giving or granting:
to withhold payment.
3.
to collect (taxes) at the source of income.
4.
to deduct (withholding tax) from an employee's salary or wages.
verb (used without object), withheld, withholding.
5.
to hold back; refrain.
6.
to deduct withholding tax.
Origin
1150-1200
1150-1200; Middle English withholden. See with-, hold1
Related forms
withholder, noun
unwithheld, adjective
Synonyms
1, 2. suppress, repress. See keep.
Antonyms
1, 2. advance.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for withholder

withhold

/wɪðˈhəʊld/
verb -holds, -holding, -held
1.
(transitive) to keep back; refrain from giving: he withheld his permission
2.
(transitive) to hold back; restrain
3.
(transitive) to deduct (taxes, etc) from a salary or wages
4.
(intransitive) usually foll by from. to refrain or forbear
Derived Forms
withholder, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for withholder

withhold

v.

c.1200, from with- "back, away" (see with) + holden "to hold" (see hold (v.)); probably a loan-translation of Latin retinere "to withhold." Related: Withheld; withholding. Past participle form withholden was still used 19c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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