wood engraving

wood engraving

noun
1.
the art or process of engraving designs in relief with a burin on the end grain of wood, for printing.
2.
a block of wood so engraved.
3.
a print or impression from it.

Origin:
1810–20

wood engraver, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
wood engraving
 
n
1.  the art of engraving pictures or designs on wood for printing by incising them with a burin on a block of wood cut across the grain
2.  a block of wood so engraved or a print taken from it
 
wood engraver
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

wood engraving

a printmaking technique in which a print is made from a design incised on the transverse section, or end, of a hardwood block. The technique was developed in England in the last half of the 18th century, and its first master was the printmaker Thomas Bewick, whose illustrations for such natural history books as A History of British Birds (1797 and 1804) were the first extended use of the technique. After Bewick's death, however, wood engraving served merely as a method to reproduce other works of art. The English poet and artist William Blake (1757-1827) engraved his own designs on wood, but his work is an isolated example of original work done in the technique in his day.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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