any of several climbing vines, as a European honeysuckle, Lonicera periclymenum, or the Virginia creeper of North America.

before 900; Middle English wodebinde, Old English wudubind, equivalent to wudu wood1 + bind binding; see bind

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World English Dictionary
woodbine (ˈwuːdˌbaɪn)
1.  a honeysuckle, Lonicera periclymenum, of Europe, SW Asia, and N Africa, having fragrant creamy flowers
2.  American woodbine a related North American plant, L. caprifolium
3.  (US) another name for Virginia creeper
4.  obsolete, slang (Austral) an Englishman
[sense 4 from the English brand of cigarettes so named]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

O.E. wudubinde, a climbing plant, from wudu "wood" (see wood (n.)) + binde "wreath," related to bind (v.). Used of various climbing plants on three continents.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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