xerxes

Xerxes I

[zurk-seez]
noun
519?–465 b.c, king of Persia 486?–465 (son of Darius I).
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World English Dictionary
Xerxes I (ˈzɜːksiːz)
 
n
?519--465 bc, king of Persia (485--465), who led a vast army against Greece. His forces were victorious at Thermopylae but his fleet was defeated at Salamis (480) and his army at Plataea (479)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Xerxes
king of Persia who reigned 486-465 B.C.E., Gk. Xerxes, from O.Pers. Xayaran, lit. "male (i.e. 'hero') among kings," from Xaya- "king" (cf. shah) + aran "male, man." The Heb. rendition was Ahashwerosh, Ahashresh.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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