noun Pinyin.
a city in N Shaanxi province, in N central China: the headquarters of Chinese Communists 1937–47.
Also, Yan'an, Yenan.
Formerly Fushih.
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World English Dictionary
Yanan or Yenan (ˈjænˈæn)
Also called: Fushih a city in NE China, in N Shaanxi province: political and military capital of the Chinese Communists (1935--49). Pop: 343 000 (2005 est)
Yenan or Yenan

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica


city, northern Shaanxi sheng (province), north-central China. It became famous as the wartime stronghold of the Chinese communists from the mid-1930s to 1949. Yan'an is on the heavily dissected Loess Plateau, which consists of loess (windblown soil) that is deeply etched by gullies. The city stands on the south bank of the Yan River in a basin surrounded by hills. It is a road junction for northeast Shaanxi and was a strategic town in historical times, being located near the border between the part of Shaanxi where agriculture is practicable and the arid lands to the north that merge into the Ordos Plateau

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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