yarmelke

yarmulke

[yahr-muhl-kuh, -muh-, yah-]
noun Judaism.
a skullcap worn, especially during prayer and religious study, by Jewish males, especially those adhering to Orthodox or Conservative tradition.
Also, yarmelke, yarmulka.


Origin:
1940–45; < Yiddish yarmlke < Polish jarmułka (earlier jałmurka, jamułka) or Ukrainian yarmúlka < Turkic; compare Turkish yağmurluk rain apparel, equivalent to yağmur rain + -luk noun suffix of appurtenance

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World English Dictionary
yarmulke (ˈjɑːməlkə)
 
n
Judaism a skullcap worn by orthodox male Jews at all times, and by others during prayer
 
[from Yiddish, from Ukrainian and Polish yarmulka cap, probably from Turkish yaǧmurluk raincoat, from yaǧmur rain]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

yarmulke
1903, from Yiddish yarmulke, from Pol. jarmulka, originally "a skullcap worn by priests," perhaps ult. from M.L. almutia "cowl, hood."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
yarmulke [(yah-muh-kuh, yahr-muhl-kuh)]

In Orthodox Judaism and Conservative Judaism, a skullcap worn by men as a sign of reverence while praying to God or talking about him.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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