yellow-hammer

yellowhammer

[yel-oh-ham-er]
noun
1.
a common European bunting, Emberiza citrinella, the male of which is marked with bright yellow.
2.
Chiefly Southern U.S. a flicker, Colaptes auratus, having yellow wing and tail linings.

Origin:
1550–60; earlier also yelamber, yelambre, probably continuing Old English *geolu-amore, equivalent to geolu yellow + amore presumably, the bunting (cognate with Old Saxon amer, Old High German amaro; see emberizine); forms with -h- perhaps reflect blending with another etymon, later conformed to hammer (compare dial. yellowham)

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World English Dictionary
yellowhammer (ˈjɛləʊˌhæmə)
 
n
1.  a European bunting, Emberiza citrinella, having a yellowish head and body and brown streaked wings and tail
2.  (US), (Canadian) See flicker the yellow-shafted flicker, an American woodpecker
 
[C16: of uncertain origin]

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