an Orthodox Jewish school for the religious and secular education of children of elementary school age.
an Orthodox Jewish school of higher instruction in Jewish learning, chiefly for students preparing to enter the rabbinate.
Also, yeshivah.

1925–30; < Hebrew (post-Biblical) yəshībhāh literally, a sitting Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
yeshiva (jəˈʃiːvə, Hebrew jəˈʃiːva)
n , pl -vahs, -voth
1.  a traditional Jewish school devoted chiefly to the study of rabbinic literature and the Talmud
2.  a school run by Orthodox Jews for children of primary school age, providing both religious and secular instruction
[from Hebrew yěshībhāh a sitting, seat, hence, an academy]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

"Orthodox Jewish college or seminary," 1851, from Heb. yesibah "academy," lit. "a sitting," from yashav "to sit."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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