Yiddish

Yiddish

[yid-ish]
noun
1.
a High German language with an admixture of vocabulary from hebrew and the Slavic languages, written in Hebrew letters, and spoken mainly by Jews in eastern and central Europe and by Jewish emigrants from these regions and their descendants.
adjective
2.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Yiddish.

Origin:
1885–90; < Yiddish yidish; see yid, -ish1

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World English Dictionary
Yiddish (ˈjɪdɪʃ)
 
n
1.  a language spoken as a vernacular by Jews in Europe and elsewhere by Jewish emigrants, usually written in the Hebrew alphabet. Historically, it is a dialect of High German with an admixture of words of Hebrew, Romance, and Slavonic origin, developed in central and E Europe during the Middle Ages
 
adj
2.  in or relating to this language
 
[C19: from German jüdisch, from JudeJew]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Yiddish
1875, from Yiddish yidish, from M.H.G. jüdisch "Jewish" (in phrase jüdisch deutsch "Jewish-German"), from jude "Jew," from O.H.G. judo, from L. Judaeus (see Jew). The Eng. word has been re-borrowed in Ger. as jiddisch.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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