|—n , pl -yos|
|1.||a toy consisting of a spool attached to a string, the end of which is held while it is repeatedly spun out and reeled in|
|2.||slang (US), (Canadian) a stupid person, esp one who is easily manipulated|
|—vb , -yos, yo-yos, yo-yoing, yo-yoed|
|3.||informal to change repeatedly from one position to another; fluctuate|
|4.||informal changing repeatedly; fluctuating|
|[from Filipino yo yo, come come, a weapon consisting of a spindle attached to a thong]|
you're on your own
Korean poetic form that flourished during the Koryo period (935-1392). Of folk origin, the pyolgok was sung chiefly by women performers (kisaeng) and was intended for performance on festive occasions. The theme of most of these anonymous poems is love, and its joys and torments are expressed in frank and powerful language. The pyolgok is characterized by the presence of a refrain either in the middle or at the end of each stanza. The refrain not only establishes a mood or tone that carries the melody and spirit of the poem but also serves to link the discrete parts and contents of the poem. The pyolgok entitled "Tongdong" ("Ode on the Seasons") and "Isanggok" ("Winter Night") are among the most moving love lyrics in the Korean language.
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