man-killer, or sacrifice, one of the two kings who led the vast host of the Midianites who invaded the land of Israel, and over whom Gideon gained a great and decisive victory (Judg. 8). Zebah and Zalmunna had succeeded in escaping across the Jordan with a remnant of the Midianite host, but were overtaken at Karkor, probably in the Hauran, and routed by Gideon. The kings were taken alive and brought back across the Jordan; and confessing that they had personally taken part in the slaughter of Gideon's brothers, they were put to death (comp. 1 Sam. 12:11; Isa. 10:26; Ps. 83:11).
Gideon arose, and killed zebah and Zalmunna, and took the crescents that were on their camels' necks.
Hence there was no alternative to war when Jabin or zebah and Zalmunna attacked the tribes.
Then zebah and Zalmunna said, "Get up yourself and fall upon us; for a man has a man's strength!"
zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their forces were with them, in all about fifteen thousand men.
So Gideon rose and killed zebah and Zalmunna, and took the crescents that were on their camels' necks.
And Gideon arose, and slew zebah and Zalmunna, and took away the ornaments that were on their camels' necks.
zebah and Zalmunna also fled; but Gideon followed and captured the two kings of Midian and threw all the horde into a panic.