zebulon montgomery pike


James Albert, 1913–69, U.S. Protestant Episcopal clergyman, lawyer, and author.
Zebulon Montgomery [zeb-yoo-luhn] , 1779–1813, U.S. general and explorer.
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World English Dictionary
pike1 (paɪk)
n , pl pike, pikes
1.  any of several large predatory freshwater teleost fishes of the genus Esox, esp E. lucius (northern pike), having a broad flat snout, strong teeth, and an elongated body covered with small scales: family Esocidae
2.  any of various similar fishes
[C14: short for pikefish, from Old English pīc point, with reference to the shape of its jaw]

pike2 (paɪk)
1.  a medieval weapon consisting of an iron or steel spearhead joined to a long pole, the pikestaff
2.  a point or spike
3.  (tr) to stab or pierce using a pike
[Old English pīc point, of obscure origin]

pike3 (paɪk)
short for turnpike

pike4 (paɪk)
dialect (Northern English) a pointed or conical hill
[Old English pīc, of obscure origin]

pike or piked5 (paɪk, paɪkt)
(of the body position of a diver) bent at the hips but with the legs straight
[C20: of obscure origin]
piked or piked5
[C20: of obscure origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"highway," 1837 shortening of turnpike (q.v.). Originally it meant the toll booth; it came to mean the road itself 1852.

"weapon," c.1511, from M.Fr. pique "a spear, pikeman," from piquer "to pick, prick, pierce," from O.Fr. pic "sharp point or spike," perhaps ult. from a Gmc. or Celtic source. Alternative explanation traces O.Fr. word to L. picus "woodpecker." Also developed from O.E. pic "pointed object, pickaxe." Pike,
pick, and pitch were formerly used indifferently in Eng. Pike position in diving, gymnastics, etc., attested from 1928, on same notion as jack-knife.

"voracious freshwater fish," early 14c., probably short for pike-fish, a special use of pike (2) in reference to the fish's long, pointed jaw (cf. Fr. brochet "pike" (fish), from broche "a roasting spit").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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